Civil Society and The Renaissance Crisis Seminar – September 2020

September 22nd, 2020 by Editor

In light of the increasing water challenges to the human right to economic development and a decent life, especially with the exacerbation of the Renaissance Dam crisis, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, in cooperation with the Arab Organization for Human Rights, is going to hold a seminar titled “Civil Society and the Renaissance Dam Crisis,” at 12 PM Sunday 27 September 2020. The participations are a number of Arab, African and media experts via (Zoom application).

The major topics we will cover :

1- Raising the local and international public awareness of the crisis and its risks.

2- Formulating a vision based on international human rights law.

3- Enhancing civil society efforts in the three countries to support the handling of the crisis and the prevention of its risks.

4-  Reaching the various crisis tracks and suggesting practical measures for the parties concerned.

The seminar will be chaired by d. Hafez Abu Saada – President of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights.

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For Participation, please contact the (WhatsApp) for the following numbers: (01280006780)-(01002226341).

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The Egyptian organization issues a report Entitled (Elections Under the Corona Pandemic)

September 21st, 2020 by Editor

Today, Monday, September 21, 2020, the Egyptian Organization for Human
Rights (EOHR) issued a report entitled “Elections Under the Corona Pandemic”
documenting the results from monitoring the senate elections. The
introduction of the report notes the importance of hosting ree and fair
elections, as it is an important pillar of the democratic process.
Civil society organizations, including the EOHR, attach importance to election
monitoring of all violations uring the electoral process. Organizations like EOHR
are not aligned with any political activity, political party, or electoral candidate.
Rather, the EOHR strictly monitors elections to ensure that they are free and
fair and ensures that both the ruling party and the opposition parties abide by
the constitution, the laws, and the international standard for human rights. As
such, the EOHR’s role in monitoring elections is not considered political work,
but is non-partisan legal work and is one of its core activities.
The EOHR’s report, “Elections Under the Corona Pandemic” documents the
election monitoring operation for the senate elections. The report is divided
into the following sections:
First: The legislative environment for the Senate elections.
Second: Provisions for voting by mail and ensuring the anonymity of voters
from Egyptians living abroad.
Third: Judicial oversight of the elections.
Forth: The division of the electoral stations and health guarantees under
corona.
Fifth: Analysis of voter demographics
Sixth: Organizing electoral monitoring locally and internationally
Seventh: Analysis of data on electoral stations
Eighth: The votes
The report ended with the following recommendations:
A fair analysis of the senate elections calls for examining several positive points
as well as points of weakness. The purpose of this analysis is not to point out
flaws, but rather to warn of repeated violations. Within this context, the
organization is calling for a set of recommendations, which came mainly as a
result of the organization’s involvement in monitoring work over the past
years.

  1. Promoting the idea of political participation among the various segments
    of citizens is essential. Seeing participation as one of the main pillars on
    which democracy is based, it is important to intensify political awareness
    programs for citizens by organizing seminars, discussion sessions, or
    allocating television programs with the same goal.
  2. It is crucial to introduce the procedures for casting a vote, as it was
    apparent that voters had a limited understanding of the voting process.
    There were two separate papers and two separate voting systems, and
    this led to several invalid votes.
  3. Benefiting from digital technology in the election of Egyptian abroad
    through
  • Registration
  • View candidates profiles and CVs especially in the Plurality voting
    system
  • Voting through the mail without reaching the diplomatic mission’s
    headquarters
  1. The Important role of mass media in raising awareness and motivating
    people to participate as it is a right and a national duty for everyone who
    meets the conditions for political participation.
  2. Senate elections is a vital constitutional entitlement as citizens should
    have a general awareness of its role and the importance of participation.
    Citizens must have wide knowledge of the functions and specialization of
    this council and its potential impact in Egypt

Category: Secretary General's Articles | Comments Off on The Egyptian organization issues a report Entitled (Elections Under the Corona Pandemic) | 277 views

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights welcomes the appointment of an Egyptian ambassador as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee

September 20th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights welcomes the appointment of Ambassador Wafaa Basim as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee. The Human Rights Committee is the entrusted body for the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (OHCHR). This committee is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the covenant and its different provisions in the signatory parties. Each of the signatory parties to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights must submit a quarterly report to the committee.

The appointment of Ambassador Wafaa Basim to the Human Rights Committee is a positive move. Her years of experience as an ambassador and her work as the permanent delegate at the United Nations and other international organizations in Geneva make her an expert in the human rights field. The appointment of a prominent figure such as Basim to the Human Rights committee will contribute to the promotion and improvement of human rights standards in Egypt. Egypt has been represented in the Human Rights Committee in the past. Ambassador Ahmed Fathallah was the former president of the Human Rights Committee, which documents Egypt’s consistent presence in international forums and its commitment to engaging in international institutions for human rights.

Within this light, the EOHR insists on the importance of coordination between the Egyptian state, its institutions, international organizations and civil society organizations with the purpose of fortifying the principles of human rights in society. This endeavor should take into account Egypt’s constitutional obligations as well as its international legal obligations.

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EOHR is following up on the investigations about the death of a citizen as a result of torture and calls for a national mechanism against torture.

September 16th, 2020 by Editor

The Public Prosecution of Southern Giza ordered the imprisonment of four police secretaries and the release of a police officer with 500 EGP bail pending investigations. The Public Prosecution said in a statement issued last Tuesday that it had received a notification from the police of a scuffle between two parties (four against two) with rocks, white weapons and other tools in Al-Madbah Street in Al-Munib District, Giza Governorate.
As a result, there were injuries in both groups and one of the quarrelers was killed. The deceased’s mother and sister accused the police officers who arrested him of killing him.
The Public Prosecution visited the scene of the incident to inspect it and question witnesses. It found five witnesses and kept the footage of the surveillance cameras installed in shops overlooking the side of the venue. The prosecution inspected the body of the deceased at Om Al-Masryeen hospital and found abrasions in separate places on his body.
The Public Prosecution assigned a medical examiner to conduct the autopsy to determine the cause of death, how it happened, and whether it can be conceived to have occurred as presented in the statements of witnesses and quarrelers in the investigations, which are being updated to be announced upon completion.
EHOR affirmed that torture is one of the most serious violations that a person can face, as it represents the humiliation of human dignity and the pain it causes for the victims, whether psychological or physical.
The international community has condemned torture as a crime against human dignity and the international law has categorically prohibited it regardless of the circumstances. It is one of the most heinous and cruel human rights violations, as it abuses the right to physical integrity. Torture leads to the degradation of human dignity and the death of the victim or their exposure to a permanent disability that prevents them from work normally.
The organization notes that many international conventions have emphasized the importance of this right, as it is the most supreme right of all. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights stated in the text of the third article that “everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person,” as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which stated in the sixth article that “every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life”. The Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 17, 1979, stated that “Law enforcement officials may use force only when strictly necessary and to the extent required for the performance of their duty.” EOHR calls for amending Egypt’s Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Law to conform to the Convention against Torture that Egypt has signed and has become a domestic law, as well as reviewing the referral of the suspects in cases of torture
in accordance with Article 129 of the Penal Code on the use of cruelty, which has a non-deterrent penalty. For his part, Dr. Hafez Abu Saada – Head of the EOHR – affirmed that torture is one of the crimes that must be completely eliminated because it violates the most basic human rights, which is the right of life, liberty and personal safety, especially since the 2014 constitution stipulated in Article 55 (the criminalization of torture and ill-treatment). Abu Saada called on the government to amend legislations on the crime of torture, which includes the Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Law, to conform to the new Egyptian constitution and the Convention against Torture, so that the punishment is commensurate with the crime committed. He also called for the signing of the Optional Protocol of the Convention against Torture in order to establish a national mechanism to combat tortur

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EOHR concludes its first training session

August 9th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) concluded its first remote training session which took place over two days under the title Human Rights Principles and monitoring mechanisms of the electoral process. This comes within the context of EOHR’s keenness on monitoring and observing elections and building a new generation of human rights defenders from among its members in different governorates.

Dr. Hafez Abu Seada the president of EOHR gave the opening lecture in which he introduced EOHR and explained the creation and development of International Human Rights Law.

During his lecture Abu Seada said that EOHR was established in 1985 as a branch of the Arab Organization for Human Rights, and he explained the nature of EOHR’s work and underlined its achievements. Abu Seada stressed that EOHR is not affiliated with any opposition group and that its only concerned with the interests of all citizens from a human rights perspective.

The second speaker was Mr. Mohamed Osman EOHR’s former International Relations coordinator and one of its active members. Mr. Osman explained the historical evolution of modern human rights concepts and how it reached its current shape and form. Osman also explained the difference between declarations and treaties and how do they become domestic law.

The third speaker was Mr. Tarek Zaghloul the executive director of EOHR. Zaghloul reaffirmed the importance of the role of civil society organizations in monitoring the electoral process. He added that NGOs submit all the violations they documented to the election authority and further explained the role NGO observers and how they should go about their activities in accordance with laws and regulations.

The fourth Speaker was Mr. Mohamed Mahmoud, an active member of EOHR and its former head of the field work unit. Mr. Mahmoud discussed the law on the exercise of political rights and the establishment of the National Elections Authority and the nature of its relations with civil society.

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights A report on the death of Journalist Mohamed Mounir

July 26th, 2020 by Editor

Since the Covid-19 outbreak in Egypt, fears have risen regarding the spread of the virus in Egyptian prisons. After the Ministry of health announced the suspension of all events that entail large gatherings, the Ministry of Interior announced the suspension of prison visits due to the pandemic. In a meeting between the Director of the Prison Authority General Hisham Al Baradie and the National Council for Human Rights, the General displayed all the measures taken by the Prison Authority to sanitize prison cells, as well medical check-ups and Covid-19 tests for inmates. General Baradie stated before that not a single case of Covid-19 was reported in Egyptian prison and that the authorities have released since March 2020 over 13,000 prisoners. For this reason EOHR paid close attention to the developments of the case of Mohamed Mounir since the first day of his arrest, and EOHR urged the authorities to release him immediately. Once Mr. Mounir was released he announced through a video he recorded that he was infected with Covid-19 according to the diagnosis of his personal physician Dr. Alaa Awad, and he implored the president of the press syndicate, his friends and his brother journalist Hazem Mounir to help transfer his to hospital. Indeed Mr. Mounir’s pleas did not go unheard and he was taken to Um Al Masryeen hospital.

Mr. Mounir’s death by Covid-19 caused widespread controversy, as it was rumoured that he got infected in Prison which prompted EOHR to make all the necessary efforts to uncover the facts surrounding the case.

Who is Mohamed Mounir

  • Writer and journalist born in 1955. He began journalistic work in 1998 in Al-Ahaly newspaper.
  • He issued a book, he also wrote many articles, and received many awards and honours from various places
  • On July 2, the State Security Prosecution released the journalist, Mohamed Mounir, who was charged in case No. 535 after being arrested and held for fifteen days under preventive detention.

Hazem Mounir’s testimony regarding his Brother’s death

After a few hours of my brother’s arrest, a security convoy took him to the Supreme State Security Prosecution for interrogation, and issued a decision to put him in custody for 15 days pending case No. 535 of 2020.

From the headquarters of the State Security Prosecution in Nasr City, my late brother moved to a police station in the middle of Giza Governorate, where he spent his first night at a detention area specified for the elderly. Afterwards thanks to the efforts of the President of the Press Syndicate my brother was transferred to Al Haram Hospital to carry out the necessary medical examinations due to his health problems.

Mohamed Mounir has been held in the police station for the duration of his initial pre-trial detention, and throughout this period his daughters, his legal defence  team and myself we had  no complains regarding any harassment or prevention from daily visits (and sometimes two or three visits per day) or delivering his basic needs and requirements like Medicine, food, clothes, and all the sterilization tools. We were even allowed to provide my brother with fan due to the hot weather.

During this period, my brother was complaining about some health problems, caused by the place of detention, especially with the diseases that he was suffering from (and will be mentioned later) and it was a real problem for us and for fear of causing any harm to him, but we overcame these problems, thanks to the good treatment and good response of those in charge of the place of detention.

Before the first pre-trial detention period ended, my brother was summoned again to the investigation authorities, who decided to renew his imprisonment for an additional 15 days, and my brother went to Al-Haram Hospital, where a medical check-up was administered on him before he was transferred to the Tora Prison Hospital, where the second stage of the circumstances of my brother’s death, had begun on July 1st and ended with his release, the following day on July 2nd.

Immediately upon his arrival at Tora Prison Hospital, he underwent medical examinations, which took him an hour and a half, and my brother told me that the check-up was at the best level, and the doctor told him that he was “afraid” that he had a “stroke in the heart – which necessitates completing the exams – according to what he said. My brother remained in the hospital with another prisoner in one room, and never entered the prison itself.

The next day, immediately after his arrival at the hospital, I received a call informing me of the release of my brother, and I went to Tora Prison to take him and leave after finishing the necessary procedures that took nearly three hours or a little less.

Here we have a pause and state the following facts:

  1. First: Mohamed Mounir did not set foot in the prison, and he spent the night in Tora Hospital, and anyone who ever visited a prison inmate knows the spatial difference between the prison itself and the hospital building, although the two are in the same walled compound, there is no mixing whatsoever between the two buildings, and my brother only spent a night in the hospital.
  2. We stayed throughout the waiting period for the completion of the release procedures, inside the officers’ room, in the presence of all of them, talking and smoking and drinking tea and juice. If my brother had Covid-19 at the time, and the decision to release him was issued for this reason, how could the officers sit with us in the same room for about three hours while knowing the my brother had Covid-19.
  3. During a conversation between him and myself while we were waiting for the finalization of the procedures, my brother spoke of the good treatment he received from everyone in the Tora complex and at the hospital where he stayed. He even surprised the officers with his usual wit, when he appreciated the fava beans that he had this morning . I then escorted him and my family to his home, where he made some calls on the way to the Honourable colleague, the president of the press syndicate, the journalist Diaa Rashwan, to reassure him about the conditions, and to inform him of some medical problems that need urgent treatment, especially the stroke in the heart that the doctor of the Tora Hospital warned of. And Rashwan  pledged to take the required measures immediately.

According to the medical death certificate, the immediate cause of Mr. Mounir’s death was caused by:

  • Cardiac muscle stops.
    • A severe decrease in the blood oxygen level.
    • Infection with Covid-19

After examining these facts EOHR notes that Mr. Mohamed Mounir was held in the ward of detainees inside the Tora Prison Complex for only one day and spent the rest of the duration of his stay at the Tora Hospital.

EOHR also notes Mr. Mounir’s praise for his good treatment during a four-day detention at the police station as he spent them at an area specified for the elderly.

EOHR notes that Mr. Mounir’s defence attorney and his family we allowed to visit him and provide him with all his basic needs.

EOHR also noted that Mr. Mounir received medical check-ups and examinations at both Al Haram Hospital and the Tora hospital due to the medical problems he suffered from.

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EOHR issues a report on the threats foreign interventions pose on Human Rights in Libya

July 14th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) has watched carefully through its terrorism observatory the rapidly developing situation in Libya, especially that many of the terrorist attacks in Egypt came through the western border. Terrorist groups have established training camps on the Libyan city of Derna which has become a base from which attacks against Egypt were launched. EOHR has previously issued a thematic report in June 2019 titled Sinai under the guillotine of terrorism. The report monitored the establishment of terrorist camps through the cooperation of Muhammad Al Zawahiri and The Muslim Brotherhood.

The new report on Libya includes statistics issued by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights on the ongoing back and forth movement between Libya and Syria by Syrian mercenaries loyal to the Turkish regime. The SOHR noted the transfer of a new batch of Syrian mercenary fighters to Libya while other went back to Syria.

Thus, the number of Syrian mercenaries who went to the Libyan territories increased to about 16,100 “mercenaries” of whom about 5250 returned to Syria, while Turkey continues to bring in more “mercenary” fighter to its camps to offer them training.

The report includes the position of the United Nations on The situation in Libya. UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said “The conflict in Libya has entered a new stage, with foreign intervention reaching unprecedented levels, including in the delivery of sophisticated equipment and the number of mercenaries involved in the fighting.” The Secretary General also said that the military units of the Government of National Accord and through great foreign support pressed towards the east in its attack against the Libyan National Army, led by General Haftar. The Secretary General expressed his deep concern over the military buildup around the city of Sirte, as well as from the large level of direct foreign intervention.

In its report, the UN team in Libya called on the parties to the conflict in Libya and the countries that support it, to immediately stop the recruitment, financing and deployment of mercenaries and relevant actors to maintain the continuation of hostilities. He pointed out that the deployment of mercenaries in Libya only increases the number of armed groups and other actors operating in the context of impunity. The team referred to reports that Turkey has been involved in large-scale recruitment and transportation of Syrian fighters to take part in hostilities to support the national reconciliation government.

The report contained a set of recommendations including

  • Criminalization of terrorist financing
  • Working without delay to freeze any funds related to persons involved in business.
  • A ban on providing safe haven, means of support, or support for terrorists.
  • Refrain from providing any form of financial support to terrorist groups.
  • Sharing information with other governments regarding any groups that commit or plan to commit terrorist acts, implement effective measures to control borders.

Category: ELRF | Comments Off on EOHR issues a report on the threats foreign interventions pose on Human Rights in Libya | 4,011 views

Vacancy announcement

September 3rd, 2020 by Editor

Position: Intern Lawyer

Description:  As an Intern lawyer you are expected to carry out the following functions:

  1. As part of the field work unit the Legal Intern will examine and analyze petitions and complaints submitted to EOHR by citizens
    1. Delivering complaints to the Human Rights department of the Ministry of Interior
    1. Engaging in Litigation activities on behalf of EOHR
    1. Working on EOHR’s annual report on the human rights situation in Egypt along with other colleagues

Competencies:

  1. Fluency in English and Arabic
    1. Excellent Writing skills in English and Arabic
    1. Ability to conduct proper academic research
    1. Membership at the Lawyers Union is a must
    1. Degree in Law
    1. Proficiency in using Microsoft Office
    1. Ability to draft proper reports, press releases and research papers
    1. Knowledge of International Human Rights Instruments
    1. Preferable to have at least 1 year of working experience with an NGO or an International Organization
    1. Ability to Work under pressure

Deadline: 20/09/2020

Interested applicants should send their CVs to the following Emails, Osman91@aucegypt.edu and eohr@link.net and applicants should indicate which position they are applying for in their emails.. candidates who fail to do so will be disqualified.

Note: Only Shortlisted candidates will be contacted

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Vacancy announcement

September 3rd, 2020 by Editor

Position: Intern Researcher

Description: As an International Relations Coordinator you are expected to carry out the following functions:

  1. Drafting research papers in both Arabic and English on subjects relating to human rights in Egypt and the Arab region
    1. Monitoring and analyzing reports issued by The UN Agencies and other international and regional organizations on human rights in Egypt
    1. Working on EOHR’s annual report on the human rights situation in Egypt along with other colleagues

Competencies:

  1. Fluency in English and Arabic
    1. Excellent Writing skills in English and Arabic
    1. Ability to conduct proper academic research
    1. Degree in Political Science, Law or a related field
    1. Proficiency in using Microsoft Office
    1. Ability to draft proper reports, press releases and research papers
    1. Knowledge of International Human Rights Instruments
    1. Preferable to have at least 1 year of working experience with an NGO or an International Organization
    1. Ability to Work under pressure

Deadline: 20/09/2020

Interested applicants should send their CVs to the following Emails, Osman91@aucegypt.edu and eohr@link.net and applicants should indicate which position they are applying for in their emails.. candidates who fail to do so will be disqualified. Note: Only Shortlisted candidates will be contacted

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Vacancy announcement

September 3rd, 2020 by Editor

Position: International Relations Coordinator

Description: As an International Relations Coordinator you are expected to carry out the following functions:

  1. Preparing project proposals for EOHR
    1. Communicating and corresponding with EOHR’s foreign partners and stakeholders
    1. Translating documents from Arabic to English and vice versa
    1.   Drafting EOHR’s English statements and press releases
    1. Drafting research papers in both Arabic and English on subjects relating to human rights in Egypt and the Arab region
    1. Logistical support to delegations traveling abroad to represent EOHR at international conferences

Competencies:

  1. Fluency in English and Arabic
    1. Excellent Writing skills in English and Arabic
    1. Ability to conduct proper academic research
    1. Degree in Political Science, Law or a related field
    1. Proficiency in using Microsoft Office
    1. Ability to draft proper reports, press releases and research papers
    1. Knowledge of International Human Rights Instruments
    1. At least 1 year of working experience with an NGO or an International Organization
    1. Ability to Work under pressure

Deadline: 20/09/2020

Interested applicants should send their CVs to the following Emails, Osman91@aucegypt.edu and eohr@link.net and applicants should indicate which position they are applying for in their emails.. candidates who fail to do so will be disqualified.

Note: Only Shortlisted candidates will be contacted

Category: Statements | Comments Off on Vacancy announcement | 1,281 views