The Citizenship crisis erupts again,The events of Abu Fana monastery..Mechanisms of confrontation

June 16th, 2008 by Editor

 The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) released its qualitative report entitled “The events of Abu Fana monastery … Mechanisms of confrontation” on  Monday, 16/6/2008 which includes a background on the escalation and development of the events in the light of the fact-finding mission which was sent by EOHR to Al Menya governorate to clarify the situation .

 

 

The fact –finding mission came to the fact that these events and their sequences are due to a dispute occurred between  two parties on a plot of land . There are a set of reasons led to the aggravation and escalation of the events as follows:

 

— The use of firearms indiscriminately and illegally.
— The absence of rules of law and institutions which were substituted by  the absolute power of individuals.  

–The killing and abduction of three citizens. 
— The State of political tension experienced by the Egyptian citizen led to the crisis , as the  weak of political institutions and their inability to attract citizens and develop their political awareness lead to  the  religious intolerance.
— The Lack of democratic climate _ which citizens can express about their problems and exercise their rights normally  _ is one of the main reasons leading to ignite tension .Also the absence of democratic climate leads to the disappearance of dialogue  culture and discussion and acceptance of others, the matter which affects society with  disability .

The Egyptian Organization For Human Rights at the end of its report confirmed that the difference between the views is not a problem intrinsically , but when it becomes a dispute among persons  of different religions, the matter then becomes a “crisis” and take various dimensions .

 

 

 

In this regard , EOHR expresses its deepest worries concerning the events of Abu Fana which led to the death of “Khalil Ibrahim,” and the arrest of 19 persons  from both parties  in a clear violation of the right to life, freedom and personal safety guaranteed by  the Constitution and international covenants concerned with  Human rights .

 EOHR calls the government for  adopting  a strategy for dealing with such differences and others that arise from time to time  particularly among believers  of different religions, strategy consists of the following elements:

1 – Establishing  a committee for religions affairs  includes an official representatives from  media, education , Ministry of Religion Endowment , security and representatives from the church, Al-Azhar and civil society organizations . This committee will deal with citizenship and will set a practical solutions to eliminate the consequences of the differences between the different believers  of religions that appear from time to time, and any New problems that may arise between them .Also it will deal with the rules for building worship houses  rely on a set of standards such as population density and geographical distribution to coincide with the repealing of the law known by “Humayon” Line which comes back to 1856 during the “Ottoman” rule as license is not given to build church or monastery or even a cemetery for any non-Muslim only after taking a permission from  the Sultan and a personal license given by him . The case is being continued even after the demise of the “Ottoman Empire” and the license became a king jurisdiction and now became again the prerogative of the President . Also the committee will work on repealing the 10th unfair administrative conditions to build churches which have been valid since 1933 as well as the abolition of Presidential decision No. 13 issued in 1998 for authorizing governors to restore and renew churches because it violates the text of article 40 of the Constitution, which stated the equality of citizens regardless of their origin, Sex, religion or creed as will as Article 46 which stipulated the freedom of belief . 
 

2- Coordinating a governmental, parliamentary and public dialogue concerning citizenship rights including the organizing of specialized workshops in the framework of integrated program cover all aspects . This program will include Radio and Television Media to  achieve  a wide participation of popular sectors .Also the dialogue includes the preparation of legislations and policies  development To strengthen the principle of citizenship  

3- Clerics ( Muslims and Christians ) should renew the religion message to spread the culture of tolerance among all citizens and to reject the fanatic speech and the necessary for each party to respect the religion of other and holding dialogue sessions and discussion  permanently  between the parties to find out the differences that appear from time to time .

4-  Prohibiting the attack against religions in accordance with the terms of human rights related to the freedom of opinion and belief stipulated in the Egyptian Constitution and international covenants of human rights and ratified by the Egyptian government and become an integral part of domestic law in accordance with Article 151 of the Constitution.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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This entry was posted on Monday, June 16th, 2008 at 11:04 am and is filed under Statements. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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