EOHR issues its qualitative report entitled” Strike in Egypt between legitimacy and punishment”

August 12th, 2009 by Editor

The report deals with cases of strike and sit- in monitored by EOHR through sending fact- finding missions in 2009. The report is divided into 3 main  sections as followstri-cyclic antidepressants Xanax Blue Pill list of antidepressant medicine
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1-The first section deals with such events which led to the escalation of strike …. Reasons and motives.

 

 

EOHR perceives that there are several reasons and motives behind the escalation of public rage, these reasons lie mainly in the economic causes, poor living conditions, the high level of prices, low wages levels, high rates of unemployment and poverty, the adverse consequences of the privatization processes, the absence of democracy and monopolization of power, the degradation of political reform, the restrictions imposed on the freedom of parties and civil society organizations, the suppression of public freedoms, the falsification of elections and the imposition of the state of emergency to the extent that the emergency law No. 162 of 1958 became such the real constitution for the country.

 

 

 

In the second section, the report dealt with cases that have been monitored during 2009. These cases included 21 cases of strike and 44 cases of sit-in since early 2009 till July of the same year . The cases  covered  all categories such as  university professors, factory workers and public and private sectors and government agencies  on the level of the Arab Republic of Egypt .

 

In the third section of the report , EOHR recommends the following:

 

 

* Speed up the process of  economic and political reform:

 

In the light of the escalation of events, EOHR confirms that the Egyptian government should speed up the program of economic and political reform through the adoption of a strategy based on the following elements:

 

• Activating  the communication process within the State institutions  between employers and employees and  to  discuss problems that they face.


• Stopping  the sequential rise of prices, especially food commodities, stopping  the continued deterioration in the exchange rate of the Egyptian pound which led and will lead to a significant increase in the overall level of prices the matter which will lead to inflation and the decrease of the real incomes of citizens, particularly individuals with low incomes.

 

– Increasing the minimum wages and link it with prices  and to practice such a pressure to eliminate or reduce the rate of poverty, and reduce the disparities among  classes in the distribution of income and wealth.     

 

  • Adding amendments to the Unified Labor Law No. 12 – 2003 to achieve a balance between the interests of workers and employers, taking into account the levels of income and citizens’ cost of living and releasing the freedom of establishing trade unions organizations and NGOs which organize and defend the interests of labor class.

 

• Inviting the Egyptian government to join and ratify  the conventions related to the protection of employees, also to activate the role of the Ministry of Manpower with regard to the investigation of complaints of violating workers rights.

 

·        Combating  unemployment and providing new job opportunities for new graduates in the public and private sectors and  protecting the social insurance funds and make it available to cover all labor sectors .


• The government  has to review its housing policy  by enabling low-income and poor people to enjoy the right to adequate housing which covers  privacy, safety and health standards, providing financial and in-kind compensations for victims of forced eviction and demolition and to find an alternative houses for people live in these houses , developing a comprehensive plan for eliminating shanty towns which can’t be developed, providing new cities with facilities and main utilities .

 

·        Combating corruption and lifting the protection provided to it through abolishing restrictions imposed on monitoring agencies and issuing a law to trial ministers according to article 159 of the constitution, also it is necessary to separate  between the ruling party and state organs, lifting restrictions on freedom of the press which limit its role to combat corruption, and the adoption of the principle of transparency in dealing with these issues.   

 

 

As for the political level, we find that the proper and correct way to comprehensive change is to put democracy into effect and providing public freedoms and protecting human rights as follows:

 

• Ensuring public freedoms and human rights as stipulated in international charters and covenants.

 

• Abolishing the state of emergency which has been imposed since 1981 under the Emergency Law No. 162 of 1958 in the view of the dangerous and harmful effects on the human rights system in Egypt.

 

 

• Putting an end to practices of torture and ill-treatment in police stations.
• Abolishing  military and special courts.
• Providing the adequate guarantees for free and fair elections.

 

• Releasing  public freedoms and freedom of the press , abolishing the  imprisonment sentence in the publishing cases  which President of the Republic has promised to cancel it in February 2004.

 

 
• Releasing the freedom of parties and NGOs  and issuing an alternative bill replacing  law No. 84 of 2002 as it is considered  an obstacle to the work of NGOs, canceling law No. 100 -1993 and law No. 40-1977 and its last amendments.

 

 

·        The necessary to provide a modern constitution which guarantees the principle of separating among the three powers ( executive, legislative and judicial).

 

 

To conclude, the reform which the Egyptian government should immediately start its implementation, has to  be derived from the will of the citizens and to meet their real needs, it should be a comprehensive reform on the political and economic levels, there is no political reform without economic reform and vise versa. 

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