September 28th, 2010 by Editor
EOHR welcomes the Kuwait resolution of the abolishment of sponsor system for workers who will start working next February. EOHR calls the gulf countries for the termination of the sponsor system to be inconsistent with the international convention concerns with human rights.
EOHR called for the termination of the sponsor system as it issued its first report “Egyptian in gulf countries are prisoners of the sponsor system” in April 1995. This report handled with the violation that Egyptian workers are exposed to inside the gulf countries, it also confirms that it considers one of the forms of slavery that the international convention prohibits it specially the Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and practices similar to slavery which has been adopted by UN economic and social council on September 1965 and entered into force on April 1957, article no. 1 defines serfdom as ” Serfdom, that is to say, the condition or status of a tenant who is by law, custom or agreement bound to live and labor on land belonging to another person and to render some determinate service to such other person, whether for reward or not, and is not free to change his status; this confirms that sponsor system is a form of slavery that has been prohibited by the international convention concerns with slavery signed at Geneva on 25 december1926.
Sponsor system provides the sponsor the ability to impose “forced labor “on the Egyptian workers in these states, this is inconsistent with what has been stated in article 4 in the universal declaration of human rights “No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms”. The sponsor system contradicts with the international labor conventions specially the convention no.29 for 1930, convention no. 105 for 1957 of convention no.29 for 1930.
On the other hand the system of the sponsor adopted in Gulf countries allows the owners of the work at these countries to prevent the Egyptian workers from movement and travel. As those sponsors could confiscate the passport of those workers, which is a great violation to the international conventions which prevent imposing any restrictions on moving and travel of people.
EOHR is welcoming the decision of the Kuwaiti authorities of canceling the sponsor system. EOHR is hoping also that the new system could be consistent with the international criteria for human rights, and with the International Labor Organization. At the same time EOHR demands that all the Gulf States shall cancel the sponsorship system, like the authorities of Bahrain and Kuwait, pursuant to international conventions on human rights, mainly including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. In addition to that EOHR is calling Gulf Countries upon:
- – – To fasten the ratification of and accession to international conventions on human rights and in the forefront of it are: the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Protocols attached to, and the International Convention against Torture.
- – Reconsidering the present legislative structure to guarantee its consistency with the main principles of human rights and the international conventions concerned with, especially what is concerned with protecting all people from arbitrary detention, torture or ill-treatment.
- – Open channels of dialogue between the representatives of these governments and human rights organizations, as well as responding to their communications, and allow representatives of these organizations to send fact-finding missions on the status of Egyptian workers in these countries.
- – The Egyptian Organization has addressed H.E. the Kuwaiti Ambassador in Cairo, expressing its proud with this decision.
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