Report Number 1 The Results of the Monitoring Efforts Conducted by the Egyptian Coalition for Monitoring Elections

December 6th, 2010 by Editor

Non compliance with the judicial orders

 

The second round of the parliamentary elections is taking place today, Sunday 5/12/2010/. 566 candidates are running for 283 parliamentary seats from a total of 508 parliamentary seats. The candidates -running as both independent and party members- include 269 candidates running for general seats and 14 candidates running for women quota seats after the first round witnessed the election of 221 candidates last Sunday.

The elections take place in 32,792 polling stations in 166 constituencies, where 383 National Democratic Party (NDP) candidates compete with 167 independent candidates, 27 of which are from the Muslim Brotherhood which has recently withdrew from the electoral race even though the laws regulating elections do not invoke withdrawal at this timing, as the legally appropriate timing to withdraw one’s candidacy had already expired before the beginning of the elections last Sunday. Withdrawing candidacy is thus not permitted during the elections or during the runoffs. 16 additional candidates are running as representatives of their parties, 9 of which are from the Al-Wafd Party which has also withdrawn from the elections, and 6 of which are from the Al-Tagamu’ Party, and one of which is from the Al-Salam Party. 

It is noteworthy that the first round of the elections resulted in the winning of 221 candidates, 173 of which were running for general seats, and 48 of which were running for the women quota seats. 209 of the 221 candidates who won in the first round were from the NDP along with seven independent candidates and five candidates representing political parties. Two of those five party seats went to Al-Wafd candidates, and one for each of the following parties: Al-Ghad Party, Al-Tagamu’ Party and Al-‘adala Al-Egtima’iya (Social Justice) Party.

The most obvious feature of these elections is the non-compliance with the judicial rulings which nullified the results of the first round and banned elections in the second round due to failure to include the names of some of the candidates who obtained judicial rulings to be included or had their statuses changed in a number of constituencies and also due to the widespread phenomenon of violence and bullying as a tool of obtaining votes.

Administrative courts have thus issued hundreds of rulings nullifying the elections in a number of governorates. In Dakahleya, 62 rulings were issued to nullify the electoral process in 9 constituencies: Al-Mansoura, Dekrnis, Talkha, Nabaruh, Bilqas, Sherbin, Sandila, Aga, Meet Ghamr, and the women quota constituency in Dakahleya. Also, in Ismailia, rulings were issued nullifying elections in 9 constituencies in Al-Sharkia Governorate which are Hahya, Al-Ibrahimiya, Menia Al-Qamh, Al-Telin, Bandar Al-Zaqaziq, Faqus, Dirb Negm, Bebis, and women quota. A ruling was issued to nullify the results of the elections in Markaz Saqilta and Gharb Al-Sawam’a constituency and to order a recount of the votes there in Suhag. In Assiut, the court decided to suspend the elections in the eighth constituency in the district of Sudfa and Al-Ghanayim. The court has also disrupted the declaration of results there. In Cairo, a ruling was issued nullifying elections in the constituencies of Hada`ik Al-Quba, Manshyet Nasser and Al-Gamaliya. Similar rulings were issued in Al-Giza Governorate concerning the constituencies of Al-Duqi, Al-Aguza, Al-Haram, Al-Umraniya, and in October Governorate in the constituencies of Kirdasa, Mazghuna, and the third constituency. Also elections were nullified the constituencies of ettsa of Al-Fayoum and Nasser District of Beni Suef ,

The Administrative Court of Alexandria has suspended the declaration of results in all the constituencies of the governorate and declared the parliamentary elections there null and void. The Administrative Court of Kafr El-Sheikh has also ruled to suspend runoff in the constituencies of Desouq, Al-Aguzein and Al-Riyad and has also suspended the Higher Elections Committee’s (HEC) decision to declare the result of the election in the Samalut Constituency of Al-Menia. 

The Administrative Court of Al-Qaliubiya has also ruled to suspend the declaration of elections results in the constituencies of Benha, Kafr Shukr, Toukh and Al-Qanatir Al-khayriya, and to suspend the runoff in all constituencies of the governorate. Moreover, the Administrative Court of Shebin Al-Qoum has ruled to nullify the elections in the constituencies of Tila, and Bandar Shebin Al-Qoum, Al-Bitanun, and the Quota seat constituency; it has also suspended the declaration of the results and ordered to repeat the elections in the above mentioned constituencies.

In addition, the High Administrative Court has issued several historic rulings yesterday supporting the verdicts of different administrative courts to suspend the declaration of the first round results in several constituencies where the HEC had violated the binding nature of the rulings of the State Council (Maglis Ad-Dawla) concerning how the statuses of some candidates breach the legal conditions for running for parliamentary seats. The Administrative Court has declared that “Examining and ruling on the appeals against results declaration decisions remains under the jurisdiction of the State Council in lieu of the People’s Assembly as the People’s Assembly has no jurisdiction except over the appeals concerning the results of ongoing elections regarding voters’ will according to law. The results of elections which are not conducted in compliance with the State Council rulings can’t however be appealed before the People’s Assembly which would become tainted with suspicions of nullity as a result of the HEC’s negligence of the binding nature of the State Council decisions issued before the elections. The negligence of executing the State Council decisions disconnects the upcoming parliament from any legal foundation and causes the illegitimacy of any of its subsequent decisions.”

Moreover, the Egyptian Coalition for Monitoring the Elections’ (hereinafter the Coalition) observers have reported many violations in the runoff round including errors in electoral rolls, the low turnout of voters, the continuance of violence and bullying, bribes, harassing the candidates’ deputies and the civil society observers, delays in starting the voting process, preventing voters from voting, mass transportation and errors inside the polling stations.

The most dominant violations reported by the Coalition during the runoff are as follows:

First: the law turnout:

The Coalition observers at the polling stations of Attef Al-Sharqawi School in Talkha constituency of Al-Dakahleya Governorate have reported the noticeable low turnout of voters during the runoff round. Such low turnout has also been in the constituencies of Al-Mabara, and constituencies number 57 to 62 at Awlad Khalaf Primary School in Faraskur constituency and Gamal Shiha School of Bandar Damietta. In Assiut, the Coalition observers have reported the presence of only 2:4 votes in the voting boxes of the polling stations of Al-Qusiya Primary School for boys, Mahram Khilaf School, the Girls’ Institute and the Al-Shaheed Primary School at the fourth constituency in the Al-Qusiya district until 10.30 A.M.

Second: Violence and Bullying:

The Coalition observers at the constituencies of Attef Al-Sharqawi, Ahmed Hassan El-Zayat and the Technical Commerce School of Talkha constituency in Dakahleya have reported the gathering of a large number of bullies in front of the polling stations’ gates carrying sticks and clubs to terrorize the voters and prevent them from voting. In the village of Ghoneim in the Sandila constituency, stone-throwing was exchanged between the supporters of Magdi Arafa and Al-Khatib Gahush.

Also, in Qena, the Coalition observers have reported the spread of acts of violence and bullying by the NDP candidate supporters in Dishna and Al-Waqf constituency and have also reported that the head of the polling stations committed group voting in favor of the NDP candidate.

In Luxur, the Coalition observers have reported the presence of a group of bullies outside the polling stations holding sticks and clubs threatening the voters and clashing with the supporter of Diya` Rashwan, the Al-Tagamu’ party’s candidate at the polling station of Armant Secondary School for boys of Armant constituency.

Third: Pre-marking voting ballots:

The Coalition observers at the sixth constituency of Al-Mahala District in Al-Gharbiya Governorate have reported incidents of pre-marking the voting ballots in favor of the independent candidates running for the seats of the constituency.

Also, in Dakahleya, the Coalition observers at polling stations number 46:50 have reported that voting ballots were pre-marked in favor of the NDP candidate in
Talkha Secondary School for girls in Talkha constituency which happened again in the constituencies of Nabarouh and Kafr Al-Abhar. In Meet El-Kurama`, voting ballots were pre-marked in favor of the NDP candidate, Tawfiq Ukasha which happened again in the constituencies of Kafr Salama and Kafr Ghanam in Nimay Al-Qanadil constituency.

The deputies of the NDP candidates -Al-Khatib Gahoush and Elhami Egeina- (?) were expelled from the polling stations of Sa’d Abd El-Fatah School and Om El-So’ud in Sandila constituency as pre-marking ballots took place in favor of the other NDP candidates, Magdi Arafa and Nushy El-Basandeily. In Al-Fayoum, the Coalition observers at polling stations number 15:19 in Al-Shaheed Salah El-Din School and polling stations number 23 and 33 in Beni Etman School of Senuris District have reported the pre-marking of ballots in favor of the NDP candidate.

In Qena, the Coalition observers at polling stations number 173:183 in Al-Nagateya Primary School of Niqada constituency have reported that voting ballots were pre-marked in favor of the NDP candidates, Muhammad Abd El-Fatah Omar.

Also, in Helwan, the Coalition observers at the polling stations in Abu Bakr Al-Sediq Primary School of Al-Saf constituency have reported pre-marking ballots in favor of the NDP candidate. Also, in Damietta, pre-marking voting ballots has been reported to take place in El-Zarqa Preparatory School as Muhammad Qabil Al-Banna and Gamal Al-Zeiny -both NDP candidates- used a group of bullies wearing suits to pre-mark voting ballots for them.

Fourth: Bribes:

The Coalition observers in Dishna  Al-Waqf constituency of Qena Governorate have reported that the NDP candidate bought votes for 50 per vote. Buying votes has also been reported in Damietta as the NDP candidate has distributed bribes ranging between L.E. 20:50 in Faraskur constituency. Muhammad Qabil Al-Banna -the NDP candidate at Al-Zarqa constituency- has also been reported to buy votes for L.E. 200:300.

Fifth: Denying the deputies of candidates’ access to the polling stations:

The Coalition observers at the polling stations of Mahmasha in Shubra constituency in Cairo have reported that the deputies of the Al-Wafd party candidate -Rami Lakah- were denied access to the polling stations. The deputies of the independent candidate, Muhammad Allam, have been also reported to have been denied access to the polling stations in Talkha constituency.

In Helwan, the Coalition observers have reported denying the deputies of the independent candidate Dr. Nafi’ Heikal access to the polling stations of Al-Ghad Preparatory School for boys in Al-Saf constituency.

Sixth: Errors inside the polling stations:

The Coalition observers at the Al-Gneina Nasr constituency in Al-Numab Coom Ombu in Aswan Governorate have reported that accessing polling stations happened without checking National IDs which made it easier for many voters to vote more than once as their fingers were not dipped in phosphoric ink the way it was supposed to. Also, voting ballots were with voters outside the polling stations. It has also been reported that a moving propaganda represented in cars with the metal plates number 27345 and 88508 in favor of the NDP candidate running for the workers seat of the polling stations of Technical Commerce School and Hassan Al-Zayat School in Talkha constituency of the Dakahleya Governorate. In the same location, security cordons have been placed over the gates to the polling stations to give the voters the impressions that others were already voting inside which slowed down the voting process. In Dameitta Goverrnorate, Gamal Sheeha School, Bandar Damietta, the Coalition Observers monitored the non existence of the electoral rolls at the walls of the polling stations, and its existence with the police secretary.

In Al Dakahllia Governorate, Talkha Secondary School for girls, Talkha Constituency, polling stations No.46:50, the Coalition’s Observers have reported that the phosphoric ink was very easy to be removed after voting.

In Qena, Al Nagattia Primary School, Naqadda Constituency, the Coalition Observers have reported that the phosphoric ink wasn’t used there at polling stations No. 173:183.

In Cairo, Al Zahraa Primary School for girls, Al Nozha Constituency, the Coalition Observers have reported that there was a car holding a D.J. calling for voting for the NDP Candidate.

 Seventh: the attack and the prevention of the NGOs Observers from having access to the polling stations.

In Damietta Governorate, Gamal Sheeha School, Bandar Damietta, the Coalition Observers have reported the prevention of the NGOs Observers from having access to the polling stations.

In Helwan Governorate, The Coalition Observers were prevented from entering to the polling stations of Helwan Secondary School for girls and Al Ghadd Preparatory School for boys.

In Qena Governorate, the Coalition Observers have reported the prevention of the NGOs Observers from having access to the polling stations from No. 173 to 183, existing at Al Nagattia Primary School, Naqqadda Constituency.

In Cairo Governorate, the Coalition Observers have reported the prevention of the NGOs Observers from having access to the polling station of Al Dwedar School, Hadaeik El Kobba Constituency.

In Al Menia Governorate, the Coalition Observers have reported the prevention of the Coalition Observers from having access to the polling station of Ashniem School.

Eighth: The Delay in Opening the polling stations for vote.

The Coalition Observers have reported that there was an hour delay in opening the polling stations of Atfeih Constituency, Helwan Governorate, without any spoken reasons.

Ninth: the prevention from voting.

The Coalition’s Observers have reported the presence of security cordon to prevent voters from entering to the polling station of Meit Al Khoully Abd Allah, Al Zourka Constituency, Damietta Governorate.

In Helwan Governorate, the Coalition’s Observers have reported the existence of a security cordon around the polling stations of Helwan Secondary School for girls, Hadaiek Helwan and Khaled Ibn El Waleed Schools, to prevent the voters from casting their ballots.

In Luxor Governorate, the Coalition Observers have reported the prevention of voters from entering the polling station of the Secondary Industrial School of Armant, Armant Constituency, from 9:00 am to 10:00 am.

In Cairo Governorate, Al Dwedar School of Hdaeik El Kobba, the Coalition Observers have reported the prevention of the voters from casting their ballots, except with having their ballot cards.

Tenth: the collective free transportation for the voters.

The Coalition Observers have reported the presence of cars of mass transfer in front of Atef El Sharkawy and Ahmed El Zaieat polling stations, existing at Talkha Constituency, Al Dakahlia Governorate. Those mass transfer cars were transferring voters to those polling stations to vote for the NDP Candidate, and were holding metal plates No. 41242,1634,23244, 11778, 23866, 1634, 22649, and 22224.

In Al Suez Canal Governorate, the Coalition Observers have reported the presence of mass transfer cars of Misr, Al Nasr, Suez Petroleum Companies, to vote for the NDP Candidates.

Eleventh: errors in the electoral rolls.

In Luxor Governorate, the Coalition Observers have reported the existence of a repetition of the names of the voters in the electoral rolls of Aramnt Secondary School polling station. The voter Ahmed Zaki Hussien who was holding a registration code No.989 was prevented from voting in Armant Secondary School, due to the presence of his name in the electoral rolls as Ahmed Hussien Zaki instead of Ahmed Zaki Hussien. Although that both names having the same registration code.

 

This entry was posted on Monday, December 6th, 2010 at 1:24 pm and is filed under Statements. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Responses are currently closed, but you can trackback from your own site.

Comments are closed.