March 5th, 2012 by Editor
On March 5, 2012, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) filed the lawsuit no. 26954, year 2011, registered under no. 66 before the administrative court. EOHR called the Supreme Council for Armed Forces to cancel its decision on the selection of the National Constitutional Assembly’s members from among the elected parliamentary members.
On March 3, 2012, the elected members of People’s Assembly and Shura council met together, following the invitation of the SCAF, in order to select the members of the constitutional assembly. The parliamentarians came to the 100-member constitutional assembly formation meeting with many different points of views related to the different visions of the Egyptian political parties. They could not agree on the selection criteria of the assembly’s members, which will also place many obstacles on the way to democratic transformation in Egypt. The difficulties on the way to democracy and the rule of law include:
1- The selection of the national constitutional assembly’s members from among the parliamentarians will lead to giving the power to the legislative authority only.
2- The formation process will be non-constitutional if only the parliamentary members from the national constitutional assembly.
3- The majority of the parliamentarians belong to few political parties; so they will come with a constitution does not meet the desires of the public.
4- Power monopoly will lead to imbalance, even after the Egyptian revolution.
The abovementioned expected democratic transformation obstacles led EOHR to file an emergency lawsuit, calling the SCAF to place criteria for forming the national constitutional assembly. EOHR calls for Consensual constitutional assembly include all the Egyptian powers and groups including parliamentarians, judges, representatives of the civil society organizations, syndicates, political parties, business men, feminist NGOs, writers, politicians, military and police officers, sheikhs and priests, Nubians and nomads etc. the assembly should draft the constitution trough broadcasted discussion and hearing sessions in order to be monitored by the Egyptian people.
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