State governance system within the new Egyptian constitution

September 16th, 2012 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) held an open discussion workshop on “the state governance system”, on September 13, 2012, 10 am. Held at Pyramisa Hotel in Giza, the workshop will be attended by professors of law, parliamentarians, members of the National Constitutional Assembly, public figures, representatives of the Egyptian political parties and civil society organization.

The workshop handled the status of the executive and legislative powers in the forthcoming constitution. The discussed advantages and disadvantages of the newly phrased constitutional articles in this concern.

Dr. Taha Abdel Alim, Expert of Al Ahram Strategic Studies Center, stated that the Egyptian people will not accept the form of governance of the old regime, though there are many serious attempts made by the national constitutional assembly to provide the state president with various powers, exactly like the old president. These attempts came as a result of giving unlimited powers to the Muslim Brotherhood, he said. He also called for merging the Muslim Brotherhood with the Freedom and Justice Political Party; the Egyptian political powers will welcome the Muslim Brotherhood, and defend the civil state at the same time. He criticized the articles that enable the state president to appoint the governorates’ governors. Abdel Alim called upon the national constitutional assembly to issue a new constitution for the Egyptian people, not for the Islamic or Arab World.

 Mr. Hussein Abdel Raziq, former head of Al Tagamoa Political Party stated that the national constitutional assembly used the same methodology used for drafting the constitution of 1971. Both started with the powers of the state president, although the legislative power was mentioned before the executive power within the constitution of 1923. The new articles stated that the state president protects rights and freedoms in addition to the limits of all the other powers, and that makes the president supervises all the other powers.

Dr. Mostafa Al Nasharty, vice dean of the Administration Faculty, Misr University for Science and Technology, stated that if the newly drafted unbalanced Egyptian constitution issued as it is, I will be a disaster. He said that merging the military courts with the Egyptian judiciary is not acceptable. He also denounced taking civilians to the military courts saying that Turkey has started trialing military officers before civil courts.   

Dr. Abdel Moniem Al Mashat, professor of political science, Cairo University, called for cancellation of Shura Council. It is unjustified after the Egyptian revolution; it is a council without powers, he said.

Al Mashat stressed on the necessity of mentioning all the details related to local governance, decentralization, within the constitution. The new constitution shouls mention clearly the powers of the governorates and cities’ presidents and the nature of relationship between the governorates and the state. 

Dr. Gamal Zahran, professor of political science, Suez Canal University, stressed on having a new parliament with enough powers; the parliament must be based on a new constitutional electoral system and be able to draft new laws in order to be suitable for the transitional era. The new distorted constitution, drafted by a majority of Muslim brotherhood, will create a regime exactly like Mubarak’s regime. The national constitutional assembly is keeping its outcomes secret, away from national censorship, he added.

Dr. Gamal Gebril, Head of the Form of the State Committee in the National Constitutional Assembly, was against all these kinds of criticism made by the speakers and the commentators of the workshop to the National Constitutional Assembly, its formation, methodology and outcomes. Dr. Gebril denounced all the calls of consensual provisions saying that all the democratic European countries’ constitutions are based on the votes of the majority.

Gebril stated that the Egyptian media is for the mixed governance system, Presidential-parliamentary system, although it is not suitable for the Egyptian people. It is not suitable for any developing country, he added.      

Concerning the suitable electoral system, Gebril affirmed that the independents’ system is the best electoral system for the Egyptians, although it will negatively affect the role played by the Egyptian political parties.   

This entry was posted on Sunday, September 16th, 2012 at 3:47 pm and is filed under Statements. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.