The new constitution includes a significant package of rights and freedoms required for the legislation development.

December 3rd, 2013 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights welcomes the draft of the new constitution, which was approved by the 5o’s committee in Egypt, that establishes the new state based on the principles of separating of powers and the balance of powers between the legislative, executive, and judicial authorities , ensures the public rights and freedoms of the citizens, recognizes the women’s rights in all the fields; political, economic, and social, emphasizes the economic and social rights of the citizens, and emphasizes the idea of transitional justice, and  freedom of the media, creativity, and intellectual property.

The draft included an emphasizing on the fundamental rights, and freedoms, which will not be waived in any way, stressing on the importance of human dignity in Article (51) , the prohibition of torture in Article (52), equality before the law in Article (53), the failure to arrest any person in Article (54), the sanctity of the private life in Article (57), and the non-waiving of those rights in Article (92).

As well the emphasizing on Civil and Political rights, such as the right of citizens to form political parties in Article (74), the right to form association with the notification in Article (75), the right to form trade unions and federations in Article (76), and the right to participate politically in Article (87). And also the Economic and Social rights , such as the right to have a health insurance in Article (17), the right of having  health care in Article (18) , the right to have proper education in Article (19), the right of having an adequate housing in Article (78), and the right of having adequate and healthy food in Article (79).

It also includes an emphasizing on the foredoom of opinion and expression, as this is stipulated in Article (64), which stated that “freedom of belief is absolute”,  Article (65) states “freedom of thought and opinion”, Article (66) about the freedom of the scientific research and the protection of the inventors’ innovations, as well as the abolition of the imprisonment, and the freedom of the media which is ensured according to Article (210) stressing on forming a supreme media council to be responsible for guaranteeing the freedom of press and the media.

As well as the text included about the women’s rights in Article (11), which states “ the state shall ensure the achievement of the equality between women and men in all the civic, political , economic, social , and cultural rights in accordance with the provisions of the constitution”.

EOHR considers the draft of the proposed constitution came to meet the aspirartions of the Egyptian people, who came out on 3oth June to express their demands in dropping the constitution that doesn’t reflect their needs, and the enactment of new constitution to achieve the minimum public rights and freedoms stipulated in the international conventions and agreements, which became an essential and indispensable requirement in the Egyptian political life.

In this regard EOHR declares “know your constitution” campaign to inform and educate the citizens with the Articles in the draft, especially the Articles about the public freedoms and rights, and civil, political, economic, and social rights.

EOHR at the same time demands a new step to follow this one, which is the necessity of amending the legislative system in Egypt as soon after the Constitution is adopted, to be consistent with the international charters and conventions on human rights to ensure public rights and freedoms in Egypt, that development of the next Parliament is important to develop the legislative structure.

From his side, Hafez Abu Seada, has emphasized the importance of the constitution, which represents a significant shift in the course of the process of the democratic transition in Egypt, and that the constitution came to express all the factions of the Egyptian society, since it is not monopolized by a particular political stream but on the contrary it was the product of a long period of political dialogue between the community across all the political spectrum.

Abu Seada has further added that the new constitution draft has included all the rights and public freedoms of the citizens, such as political, social, and economic rights, which came substantially entirely consistent with the international covenants on Human Rights.

 

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