Demands to put a framework and procedures for the organization of the upcoming parliamentary elections Mixed system has the support of the participants

May 11th, 2014 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights and the National Center for Research and Consulting Held a seminar that was attended by a number of party leaders and public figures, on Saturday, May 10, 2014, in order to make recommendations on the development of a procedural framework for the orderly upcoming parliamentary elections.

At the beginning of the seminar, Hafez Abu Saada the head of the Egyptian Organization assured that there is no meaning to any reform unless accompanied with free and fair elections provide a real opportunity for the people to choose

As the Free elections is a basic pillars of democracy, in which without it the democracy will be spurious, And To ensure the holding of free elections to be the presence of an electoral system that actively promotes political participation of the Egyptian citizen, And provides an opportunity for wider representation for the political parties and different social groups in order to achieve a balance in the parliament, and ensures the extension of judicial supervision of the electoral process as a whole, and ensures equal opportunities for candidates and the impartiality of the international executive organs.

He added any electoral system should achieve the aforementioned main objectives, in preservation of the two conditions of constitutionality and merits of coordination with parties that have no great potentialities. On its side, the participation of women in the seminar that Article 11 of the constitution accomplished some political earnings for woman. Therefore, they indicated the superiority of adopting the Tunisian sample of a man a woman then a man then a woman, in observation of parity and gender representation along with criminalizing the discrimination speech against woman and any category. In relation to the best electoral system for Egypt, opinions differs in this regard, some people believe that the individual system is the best while the other side gives preference to relative open list system,           a third side sees that both systems can be used which is a permanent conflict before the Egyptian parliamentary elections that increases especially after the revolution of 25th January of 2011.

While some saw that the Unconditional proportional representation is deemed as the fittest electoral system for the current phase, having the advantage of list formation freedom. Via this system, country is being divided into constituencies (for example; 48 constituency, each one elects an average of 10 Representatives), which shall be equal in voters number and population, taking into account that each representative shall be represented by 100.000 voters, giving due care to geographical connection of each constituency. In this electoral system, each party, group of parties or group of individuals are entitled to form electoral list to stand for elections in the constituency, without the necessity to have a full list (ex. 10 out of 10), to have a nominee in all constituencies, or for the list to be exclusive for members of the party, as it may include coalition of parties or having independent individuals.

It can be provided by law that the MP choose one list and choose among the candidates in the list one candidate to recommended him to combine features of Election list and advantages individual election. They believed that this system achieves Fair representation of votes in the House of Representatives this means that the value of any voter is equal regardless of his constituency.

The competition in the electoral battle under this system is going on the basis of programs, plans and ideas, not the people and restore the House of Representatives role in legislation and supervision and end the phenomenon of vice services.

There was also a great support within the seminar to be the electoral system by 80% to the individual system to be considerate the culture of the Egyptian voter and 20% for the election list so that it can consolidate the parties and establish parliamentary democracy system, however the 20% to be increased by 10%, or as seen House next to reduce the size of the risk.

Participants drew attention to the negative phenomenon associated with individual system in Egypt, which is the independent, as in 1990 the number of candidates in the Parliamentary elections was 2676, including 2134 independent, and in the 1995 elections the number of candidates 3980 included 2950 from the independents, and in the 2000 elections, the number of candidates 3957 of whom 3280 independents and so on. In the 1995 elections 113 independent deputies succeeded, and in the 2000 elections, 232 independent deputies (52%), as well 2005 elections, 187 independent deputies succeeded. It was followed before the 25 January 2011 revolution, that the majority of independent deputies join to the one-party dominant -party president-, either, because most of them stood as independents as the party did not nominate any of them, however they were returning to the party and joining Its parliamentary body Once they win, or independents actually join the ruling party to achieve their own interests.

The participants added that the severity of this phenomenon seems clear under the new constitution and paragraph 5 of the constitution (the state chapter) states that the political system is based on ‘the basis of political pluralism and party pluralism and the peaceful transition of power’ and paragraph 131 gives the parliament the right to issue a vote of no confidence to the cabinet or one of its members and if the government does not receive a majority of confidence votes from the members of parliament within thirty days at the most, the president of the republic will commission the president of the cabinet to nominate the majority of seats of the parliament from the party or from the incumbent coalition. If the government does not gain the confidence from the majority of the members parliament within 30 days, the cabinet is dissolved and the president of the republic calls for elections for a new parliament within 60 days from the date the decision to dissolve was issued.

If it should happen again that there is a large number of independent representatives in parliament and in view of the fact that there is not just one dominating party, the country might experience a state of instability and might fail to have a government that receives confidence of the parliament and therefore the parliament might be repeatedly dissolved etc.

In the end the participants agreed on the need to establish an electoral system that fulfils the real popular will and raises the country into the ranks of the developed countries. In order to implement all of the above, the representatives of parties and political and civil powers request:

1) The necessity to have a good and appropriate electoral system that contains small electoral districts. These should correspond with the number of inhabitants so that the representative can get in touch with the constituent.

2)  The emphasis on the rise in the level of a representative’s knowledge so that he can carry out the formation of government in agreement with the constitution

3) The necessity to have a just representation for all members of society (women, Copts, young people and handicapped people)

4) The necessity that all parties have to participate in the Egyptian parliament in order to transform the constitution into laws, considering that the constitution contain all guarantees for rights and freedoms

5) the necessity to remove all negative side effects from the electoral system, be it one or a list of the following: fraud, the rise of violence, the appearance of gangs, collaborations, political deals and opportunism as well as the influence of money.

6) It is important that the electoral system works to strengthen party pluralism and reinforces political parties



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