August 26th, 2014 by Editor
The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) submitted various legal draft laws prepared by an elite of law professors and legal experts members of the Organization. These drafts are made to be taken into consideration during the preparation by the Supreme Committee for Legislative Reform of draft laws, that is a competence of the Committee, in particular because these laws are related to the enhancement and respect of human rights principles according to the Egyptian Constitution and the international charters.
These draft laws include:
- A draft law on the right to assembly and peaceful demonstration, composed by 13 articles; Article 1 reaffirms the principles related to the right to freedom of opinion and expression contained in the Constitution. It states the granting of the right to expression opinion and peaceful assembly to all disarmed people, political parties and NGOs to ensure that all the people from all social classes enjoy the constitutional right to freedom of opinion and expression.
Article 2 stated the necessity to establish a committee in the Ministry of the Interior to receive notifications of the organization of meetings and demonstrations and to offer them the due protection, maintaining security and protect public and private properties. This after the organization of such meetings have received the approval of the security authorities.
The proposal of a law on freedom-depriving punishments was revoked becoming just a fine, because the violation of this law is not considered a serious criminal offense.
- A draft law on NGOs; EOHR participated in the Supreme Committee for Civil Work, established under decree number 164 of the year 2013 by Ahmed AlBarai, former Minister of Social Solidarity on 30/8/2013, and the president of the Organization was the coordinator of the Committee. The draft law stated in Article 2 that this Law aims at encouraging and stimulating the establishment of NGOs; supporting their participation in putting, implementing and monitoring sustainable development plans; activating volunteer work; and promoting democracy and good governance in the context of charters on human rights, data, knowledge society and information technology. This Law ensures the freedom of establishing NGOs and their independence without direct or indirect obstruction by the public authorities.
- A draft law on combating torture and mistreatment; the Organization has proposed amendments to some articles of the Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code in line with the 2014 Egyptian Constitution and the international conventions and charters. Articles of the Egyptian Penal Code which amendment has been proposed include articles 162, 129 and 280 on crimes of torture, mistreatment and unlawful detention of people.
The amendment of some articles of the Criminal Procedure Code, including Articles 63, 64, 162 and 232, in order to make this Code consistent with the Egyptian Constitution in Article 99 on the right of the victim to bring direct claims in the cases relevant to violations of human rights.
- A draft law on the freedom of information, which aims at ensuring an easy access to information of the concerned authorities, supporting transparency and accountability of the concerned authorities and promoting openness and participation.
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