The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights issues its 22nd annual report for 2013

December 23rd, 2014 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights issues its 22nd annual report for 2013 on the 23rd of December, 2014. The report contains four main chapters. The First chapter displays and evaluates the most important legislative and legal developments related to Human Rights in Egypt throughout 2013. The second Chapter shows the results of the observation and documentation of the human rights situation in Egypt. The Third Chapter is on international views regarding the Human Rights situation in Egypt. The fourth and last chapter takes on the organization’s activities regarding documentation, observation, and the propagation of the culture of Human Rights in society.


The report has detected several violations of basic Human Rights though out the year 2013


1-      Right to life: The Organization has detected 1150 violations of the right to life throughout the year 2013 by so relating year 2011 that has witnessed the 25th of January revolution. So from the year 2000 to the year 2013 the Organization has documented 1947 deaths, with 2013 in the lead in terms of the number of deaths. 2011 came second with 696 deaths. 2004 comes third with 22 violations of the Right to life. 2005 and 2008 come fourth with 17 cases each, while 2002 and 2009 come fifth with 12 cases of violation. 2001 and 2003 come sixth with 8 cases each and 2000 comes last with 7 cases of violation of the right to life.

2-      Right to Freedom and Security of the person: The Organization has documented 1198 cases of torture from the year 2000 up until the year 2013, with 2011 leading the list with 694 cases of torture. 2013 came second with 193 cases of torture, while 2010 comes in third place with 53 cases. Then 2008 comes fourth with 47 cases. While 2004 and 2007 come fifth with 42 incidents of torture. The sixth year is 2005 with 34 cases while 2006 came seventh with 30 cases. 2009 comes eighth with 29 cases, followed by 2002 coming ninth with 27 cases. 2001 comes tenth with 20 cases, followed by 2003 coming eleventh with 18 cases, followed by the twelfth and last year 2000 which had 15 cases.

3-      Collective punishment: The Organization documented from 2004 to 2013 thirty cases of collective punishment. And they come in the following numerical order. 8 cases in 2011, 5 cases in 2005, 4 cases in 2009, 3 cases in each of the years 2004, 2006 and 2007; while 2008 and 2013 come last with 2 cases each.

4-      Forced Disappearance: The Organization has documented from the year 1992 until 2013 64 cases of forced disappearances. 1996 12 cases. 1997, 1998 and 2011 with 9 cases each. 1995, 8 cases, followed by 1992 and 1993 with 4 cases each. 2008, 3 cases. While 2005, 2007 and 2010 had 1 case each.

5-      Freedom of Movement: The Organization documented 29 violations of the right to Freedom of movement, from 2007 to 2013; This indicates an increase in the restriction of freedom of movement, without bearing in mind how the consequences of that violation on the person subject to it. In 2008, 7 cases. 2013, 6 cases, while 2009 and 2011 had 3 cases each.

6-      Treatment of prisoners and detainees: The Organization did not notice any significant improvement with regards to the situation of prisoners, or detainees, in Egyptian prison facilities. The situation is still in a state of deterioration, in violation of both national laws, and international treaties and conventions concerning Human Rights. Egyptian Prisons are still plagued by blatant violations of human rights that do not at all coincide with the standards of the protection and preservation of human rights. Among the violations that were reported to the organization was bad medical treatment for prisoners, in addition to bad living conditions. Moreover prisoners are subject to maltreatment, and physical torture. The Organization has documented 917 violations committed against inmates in the period between 2007 and 2013. Most of these violations were maltreatment, and negligence which led to several deaths, in addition to cases of oppression, and deprivation from education.

7-      Freedom Of Expression: Through the observation of the documentation of the organization’s lawyers on the field, we noticed an increase in the number of violations of freedom of expression in 2013. From 2007 to 2013, 801 cases have been documented. In 2009, 190 cases, while 2013there were 171 cases. 2008, 130 cases, 2011, 136 cases, 2010, 121 cases and 43 cases in 2007.

8-      Freedom of Peaceful assembly: The Organization has documented 661 peaceful protests in the time interval from 2001 to 2013. In 2011,  there were 173 protests, and 2013 comes second with 108 protests. 94 cases were documented in 2008, while 2009 and 2010 had 82 cases. 2006 had 27 cases, 2004, 24 cases, 2005, 20 cases, 2007, 14 cases, and 2002 came last with 6 cases.

9-      Discrimination against women: The Organization documented 104 violations between 2003 and 2013. In 2008 23 cases, 2007 19 cases, 2013 12 cases, 2003/2006 11 cases, 2009 10 cases, 2011 9 cases, 2005 5 cases, and 2004 4 cases.

10-  Socio-Economic Rights:

1-      Right to Work: The organization has documented 383 violations of the right to work from 2003 to 2013. 2009 came with the largest amount of violations with 78 cases, 2007, 65 cases, 2011, 60 cases, 2008, 58 cases, 2013, 46 cases , 2010, 40 cases, 2003, 10 cases, 2004, 9 cases, and 2005 7 cases.

2-      Right to Health: The Organization has documented 335 violations from 2005 to 2013, with 2011 on the top of the list with 84 cases. 49 cases in 2008, 41 cases in 2007, 39 cases in 2010, 34 cases in 2006, 32 cases in 2009, 29 cases in 2013, and 27 cases in 2005.

3-      Right to Education: The organization documented 110 violations of the right to education from 2005 to 2013.2011 comes on the top of the list with 22 violations, followed by the years 2006/2008 16 cases, 14 cases in 2010, 13 cases in 2007, 12 cases in 2013, and 7 cases in 2009.

4-      Right to Shelter: The Organization documented 474 violations from 2003 to 2013. 2011 again takes the lead with 163 cases, 2010 90 cases, 2009 45 cases, 2008 44 cases, 2006 35 cases, 2013 8 cases, and 2003 4 cases.

5-      Right to Social Solidarity: The Organization has documented 61 violations from 2009 to 2013. Once more 2011 comes first with 28 cases, 2009 with 19 cases, 2013 with 17 cases, and 2010 with 14 cases

On his part Mr. Hafez Abu Seada the President of the Egyptian Organization for Human rights stated that the annual report is one of the mechanisms that depends on the work done by different units starting from receiving the complaints, and the assurance that they are in accordance with international treaties and conventions on human rights, and then address the minded authorities to deal with the causes of the complaint that has been documented. Abu Seada added that the 2013 annual report has documented a group of violations related to civil, political and economic rights, especially that the first half of the year that witnessed the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood that has that dealt a blow to numerous human rights, among them the right of assembly, political rights and the right of security, which led to the 30th of June revolution that ousted them from power.

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