Court of Cassation verdict of canceling execution provisions of Minya … renew the Organization’s demands of abolishing the death penalty

January 24th, 2015 by Editor

On Saturday 24th of January, Egypt’s Court of Cassation has ordered a retrial of 152 members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood movement, including 37 sentenced to death in a mass trial that had sparked international condemnation.

Saturday’s ruling came less than a year after a lower court in the southern province of Minya trailed 529 members of the Brotherhood – the movement of ousted President Mohamed Morsi – to death and sentenced 152, 37 from them sentenced to death  last March accused of attacking a police station and killing an officer in August 2013.

International covenants and conventions have confirmed the importance of the right to life and the abolition or restriction the death penalty in the most serious crimes, as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966 stated in article 6 that “Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life, and in countries which have not abolished the death penalty, sentence of death may be imposed only for the most serious crimes in accordance with the law in force at the time of the commission of the crime”.

Also, The United Nations General Assembly issued on 20 December 1971 resolution affirms that in order fully guarantee the right to life, provided for in Article (3) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the main objective to be pursued is that of progressively restricting the number of offences for which capital punishment may be imposed, with a view to the desirability of abolishing this punishment all countries. Besides the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 44/128 of 15 December 1989.

As well as, article 2 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, article 4 of the American Convention on Human Rights, and article 5 of the Arab Charter on Human Rights of 1997.

The Egyptian legislator decided the death penalty for a number of crimes that involve a deep amount of risk and magnitude; he used this penalty in four laws, the Penal Code, anti-drug law, martial law, Arms and Ammunition Act.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) considers the death penalty a unique penalty, as it robs the right to life which is the finest and holiest rights at all, thus it is an infinite punishment irreversible, and this represents a serious violation of human rights.

In this context, EOHR calls for the necessity of reviewing the legislation and the freezing of the death penalty as a prelude to phasing out and replace it with life imprisonment.

From his side, Mr. Hafez Abu Seada the president of EOHR affirmed that the demand for canceling the death penalty is not a defense of the perpetrators of crimes, but it is abolition for dealing with the crime with another crime which is the harshest and worst. Therefore, there are many countries that rushed to the abolition of the death penalty, which amounted to more than 140 countries, including Arab and Muslim countries such as Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania.

Abu Seada added that the death penalty is not the right of society, as the society didn’t give man his life to take it from him, but the right to life is a grant from the Creator.

This entry was posted on Saturday, January 24th, 2015 at 3:40 pm and is filed under Statements. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

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