May 31st, 2015 by Editor
human rights in egypt
Hopes & Challenges
-Egypt has been witnessing a massive wave of terrorism since the ouster of President Mohamed Morsi and his organization the Muslim Brotherhood in on July 3rd 2013
-Despite the Egyptian people’s aspirations for democracy, and freedom that were well displayed in the 2011 revolution against President Mubarak and his despotic regime, The Muslim Brotherhood did not respect the people’s will and adopted a very undemocractic form of governance.
-The Muslim Brotherhood and its Islamist allies seek to establish a theocratic state in Egypt, that margenalizes religious minorities, monopolizes political power, and quels dissent all in the name of religion
-When the Egyptian people rejected the Brotherhood’s plan to turn Egypt into a medieval theocracy, they used verbal threats and physical, lethal violence to silence opposition, especailly after president Morsi issued a constitutional declaration that gave him absolute power in late 2012
-After a disastrous year in office the Egyptian people took to the streets once again on the 30th of June 2013 demanding the resignation of President Morsi and his Islamist government, however just as Mubarak Mr. Morsi was stubborn and refused to step down leading to several violent confrontations in many parts of the country that killed dozens and injured hundreds
-In response to the people’s demands and Mr Morsi’s stubborness the Military removed Mr Morsi and his government from power saving the country from a potential civil war
-After Mr. Morsi’s removal the Muslim Brotherhood and their Islamist allies engaged in campaign of violent demonstration and acts of terrorism that killed hundreds of security and military personell as well as civilians and state officials
-Among the acts were bombings carried out against state buildings, assasinations of police officers and judges, torching of Churches, as well as acts of sabotage and arson targeting infrastructure buildings that are all documented by the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights
-Terrorism presents a grave violation of the core principles of human rights, as it relies on systamatic acts of killing, inflicting injury and sabotage with political and religous motives, as these acts violate the right to life as well as the right to personal security and safety.
-The Egyptian state is heavily engaged in a war on terrorism. Egypt is not the only country suffering from systematic wave of terror, other countries in the Middle East, and the Afrcian continent are suffering from such organizations that have comitted not only acts of terrorism, but also war crimes, ethnic cleansing and even possible genocide in some countries like Iraq and Syria
These processes have led to number of victims :
about (245 soldiers – 3 student from military academy-3 Judges- 68 civilians- 105 Police – 208 wounded- 25 hit police ambushes -463 bombing electricity towers- 68 civilian -1074 bombs)
The following chart shows the distribution of the victims:
A dim light of hope
-Amid all the crises Egypt is witnessing, there are some measures that have been taken to strengthen human rights, and impelement them.
-The Egyptian constitution of 2014 for the first time put an increasing emphasis on human rights, as it is the first constitution to criminalize torture, stipulate gender equality and religous freedom, it also regulates the declaration of the state of emergency that now cannot exceed 3 months without parliamentry consent
-The Egyptian government has also agreed to adopt and implement the recomendations given by the Human Right Council during the last Universal Periodic Review (UPR)
-This basically obliges the Egyptian government to ammend the contraversial protest law, and the repressive civil society law as these steps are necassiry for Egypt to accomplish a successful transtion to democracy
-The Egyptian organization for Human rights is staunchly opposed to the death penalty and has stated its position on many occasions
-In light of the latest death sentences in Egypt a few points have to be clarified to the international community among them, the fact that a defendant in Egypt goes through 3 stages of trail to, and before issuing a death penalty a Judge has to take the opinion of Egypt’s grand Mufti one of the country’s highest religous authorities, and for the death sentence to be carried out the president has to authorize it, and has the ability to commute the sentence, which happens in many cases
-EOHR has submitted proposals to halt the death penalty, commute the current sentences and eventually abolish the entire practice that EOHR believes contradicts with the core principles of Human Rights.
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