EOHR demands the suspension of death penalty in Egypt

July 30th, 2018 by Editor

EOHR demands the suspension of death penalty in Egypt

On July 28th, 2018, Southern Cairo’s Criminal Court’s 28th circuit referred the names of 75 defendants in the case concerning the dispersal of the Raba’a Sit-in to the grand Mufti of Egypt in preparation to sentence them to death. The court will issue its final verdict on the 8th of September this year. It is worth mentioning that this is only the first phase of litigation and the court’s decision may be appealed.
The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) considers that the death penalty a violation of one of the most fundamental rights, the right to life, which is guaranteed by international conventions and treaties including article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966, which states: “Everyone has the inherent right to life. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life, and in countries where the death penalty has not yet been abolished, this provision may be enforced for the most serious crimes only, in accordance with the provisions of the law applicable at the time of the commission of the offense ” and the United Nations General Assembly resolution of 20 December 1971, which states that “the objective to be pursued for the full guarantee of the right to life provided for in Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is to gradually reduce the number of crimes punishable by death As the ultimate question is the abolition of this penalty in all States “, as well as United Nations General Assembly resolution 44/128 of 15 December 1989 on the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; Death penalty.
EOHR emphasizes that abolishing the death penalty comes to strengthen the defense of human rights and justice, especially since the death penalty is the only penalty that can not be reversed if new evidence proves the innocence of a convicted person.
EOHR calls on the Egyptian government to sign the Second Optional Protocol of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which aims to abolish the death penalty and to ensure the upholding international standards limiting the scope of the death penalty until it is ultimately abolished. EOHR also implores the government of Egypt to limit offenses punishable by death to crimes with serious legal consequences and to establish a specific and well-known mechanism for the execution of such punishment. The State should also suspend the execution of existing death sentences and replace them with long sentences of imprisonment instead. Finally the President of Egypt should exercise his legal and constitutional rights and authorities to pardon or commute the sentences of convicts on death row.
Dr. Hafez Abu Seada the president of EOHR from his side said that the list of nations that have abolished the death penalty is growing rapidly because capital punishment is a gross violation of the rights to life adding that On December 20, 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted its resolution, which affirms that “the goal to be pursued in order to fully uphold the right to life provided for in Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is to gradually reduce the number of crimes punishable by the death penalty , As the ultimate object is the abolition of this penalty in all States. ” Abu Seada concluded that Algeria, a sister Arab nation with very similar circumstances to Egypt has successfully abolished the death penalty, and that this example should be followed.

 

 

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