40th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council, Geneva on 4 March 2019

March 4th, 2019 by Editor

40th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council, Geneva on 4 March 2019

In the first event of the organization on the repercussions of terrorism and conflicts: an agreement to overthrow the political bounds of terrorism…. divisions on approaches to combat terrorism and the death penalty.
The first event of the Arab Organization for Human Rights on the sidelines of the 40th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council has witnessed an agreement between the speakers and participants on the importance of overthrowing the political pretexts claimed by terrorists to justify their abhorrent crimes, which constitute gross violations of human rights, stressing on the need to combat terrorism decisively and rigorously.

They agreed on the vicious relationship between States that support terrorism and terrorist crimes through political, media, financial and other forms of support, pointing out that armed conflicts constitute the fertile environment for the growth of terrorism and its serious impact on the disruption of the peaceful settlement, expansion and threat to neighbouring countries, noting that the entire region is affected by the regional turmoil resulting from armed conflicts and terrorism, at the political, legislative, security and economic levels.
The adverse consequences of terrorism and armed conflict on the situation in the territory have been illustrated by pointing out to the number of millions of victims, refugees and displaced persons, relationship between asylum and the growth of unorganized migration and human trafficking as well as the institutional integration achieved between the parties of organized transnational crime in the areas of arms, drugs, human trafficking and terrorism.
The analyses agreed on the effects of the regional turmoil on the taken measures (political, legislative and security), through the imposition of legal and realistic emergencies, the tightening of punitive legislation and the disruption of development paths due to potential security risks.
The positions of the participants have stressed on the inadmissibility of the disentanglement from the protection of the enjoyment of fundamental rights in the context of emergency and exceptional situations, asserting that special measures should be focused only on the necessary areas, and not to be extended beyond it.
While the participants agreed to uphold human rights standards and guarantees for all, including terrorists, the Hall witnessed a significant division of anti-terrorism approaches and the death penalty.

The participants’ opinions are divided between the necessity of a fierce confrontation of terrorism, which is now one of the most serious threats to the right to life, personal security and the livelihood of citizens, and the importance of addressing the sources of extremism leading to terrorism from deviant religious speeches, cultural and educational issues and factors of economic and developmental marginalization.
While speakers and participants agree on the dangers of politicizing human rights and the need to avoid sympathy for terrorist perpetrators under the shadow of the mental images that are made carefully which present them as victims or political opponents, there have been disparities between speakers and interlocutors.
The interventions of the speakers focused on the importance of curbing the use of the death penalty and encouraging the Governments that continued to implement it to suspend execution and replace the penalty with life imprisonment, while the majority of participants expressed the view that the death penalty should be applied in cases of terrorism and other serious crimes to meet the rights of victims and their families citing various cases of victims from civilians and law enforcement forces who have been killed in various situations.
The event was moderated by Mr. Alaa Shalabi, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Arab Organization for Human Rights, and Mr. Mohsen Awad, Member of the Board of Trustees of the Arab Organization for Human Rights and former Secretary General of the Organization, in addition to Dr. Hafez Abu Saeda, Chairman of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights and member of the executive committee of the Arab Organization for Human Rights.
The event has witnessed interventions by professors  Murad Gharate, “Arwa Al Khatabi”, “Ghaffar Al Alaa”, Hani Al Assoudi, “Dr. Salah Salaam”, and lawyer “Essam Shiha.

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