EOHR releases its report on Egypt’s UPR recommendations

February 20th, 2020 by Editor

EOHR releases its report on Egypt’s UPR recommendations

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights releases its report on the UPR recommendations Egypt received in November 2019.

The report includes an introduction explaining the UPR mechanismThe report stated that the UPR is a unique mechanism through which the human rights record of every UN member state is reviewed under the auspices of the UN Human Rights Council. The UPR grants an opportunity for member States to present the measures they have taken to enhance the situation of human rights in their respective countries in accordance with their international human rights legal and moral obligations. The report also stressed that UPR is designed so that it can treat all States equally without prejudice. The report pointed out to the fact  that Egypt went through the UPR process 3 times since its establishment, the first was in 2010 when Egypt received 165 recommendations of which it accepted 140; the second was in 2014 when Egypt received 300 recommendations of which it accepted 224; the third was in 2019 and Egypt received 372 recommendations and Egypt will address them in March 2020 during the 43rd session of the Human Rights Council. The report divided the recommendations Egypt received in the recent UPR to 19 themes that branch out of the 5 main types of rights and freedoms (Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights). In the forefront of these rights in terms of quantity of recommendations was freedom of associations, the role of civil society and the cooperation with international human rights mechanism with 76 recommendations. All of these recommendations seek to increase cooperation with international mechanisms and human rights NGOs as well as creating an safe environment for the activities of human rights groups and reinforcing human rights culture. In second place came the rights of women, children and persons with disabilities with 67 recommendations; all of these recommendations aim to empower women, combat discriminationagainst them, amend laws relating to women’s rights and taking more measures to protect women. In third place came Economic and Social Rights with 62 recommendations all aiming to

combat unemployment, creating jobs, eradicating illiteracy and providing adequate housing. These themes combined constitute 205 recommendations which makes them 55% of the total number of recommendations.In fourth place came recommendations in capital punishment which are around 27. All of them seek to abolish the death penalty, decreasing crimes punishable by death and commuting death sentences. In fifth place came the right to freedom of expression with 22 recommendations, all seeking to open up the public space for different opinions, and amending laws that restrict freedom of expression. In Sixth place came international treaties and conventions with 20 recommendations all urging Egypt to sign and ratify a number of treaties. In Seventh place came combating torture, the right to a just trial, with 15 recommendations. In Ninth place came the rights to access to health care and education with 14 recommendations and combating corruption came in tenth place with 10 recommendations.  Freedom of Religion and combating terrorism and human trafficking came in eleventh place with9 recommendations. Refugee Rights came in twelfth place with 8 recommendations. And at the bottom were combating discrimination with 4 recommendations, and LGBT rights with 3 recommendations and the rights of prisoners with 2 recommendations. The report stressed EOHR’s is commitment to improving the human rights situation in Egypt, projecting the true image regarding the situation in the country. In this context the report contained several recommendations to the Egyptian government under 4 main categories and they are:1. Signing and Ratifying treaties and conventions2. Legislative amendments3. Executive Measures4.  Forming a comprehensive human rights strategy executed in cooperation with Human Rights NGOs and the National Council for Human Rights.

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