Archive for September, 2020

The Administrative Judiciary Court postpones the appeal of stopping the National Election authority’s decision to call voters to the House of Representatives elections.

September 30th, 2020 by Editor

The Administrative Judiciary Court headed by Counselor Sami Abdel Hamid, Vice President of the State Council, decided to postpone the hearing of the case No. 56183 to suspend the decision of the National Elections authority to invite voters to the elections of the House of Representatives 2021 for tomorrow’s session.
Former parliamentarian Muhammad Anwar Esmat Al-Sadat filed the case, demanding the suspension of the House of Representatives elections, then he amended his request in the case sheet to demand his eligiblity to run for the House of Representatives elections 2021, and obligating the National Elections authority to accept his candidacy papers.
The text of the lawsuit came, to cancel the decision to open the door for candidacy dated September 12, 2020, based on the fact that Article 106 of the Egyptian Constitution promulgated in 2014 and amended in 2019 stipulates that “the term of membership of the House of Representatives is 5 years starting from the date of its first meeting, and the elections for the new Council are held during the 60 Days prior to the end of its term ».
Thus the calls for elections should have started next November and not this September, which caused the decision to become unconstitutional and thus violating the law.
However, Counselor Lashin Ibrahim, head of the National Elections Authority and Vice President of the Court of Cassation, denied that a court ruling had been issued by the Administrative Court to postpone the next House of Representatives elections to next November.

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights The EOHR’s report on Demonstrations and Protests in Egypt Amidst a Desire for Stability and the Problem of External Interference

September 28th, 2020 by Editor

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights The EOHR’s report on Demonstrations and Protests in Egypt Amidst a Desire for Stability and the Problem of External Interference

September 28th, 2020 by Editor

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights The EOHR’s report on Demonstrations and Protests in Egypt Amidst a Desire for Stability and the Problem of External Interference

September 28th, 2020 by Editor

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A symposium on the role of civil society in addressing the crisis of the Ethiopian dam

September 22nd, 2020 by Editor

In partnership between the Arab Organization for Human Rights and the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, an electronic symposium on “The Ethiopian Dam Crisis … and the Role of Civil Society” was held on Sunday noon, September 27, 2020.

With the aim of finding ways to deal with the escalating crisis, to search for exits, and to undertake civil society institutions with their moral responsibilities in promoting peace and development.

The symposium was chaired by Dr. Hafez Abu Saada -President of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights- in partnership with Professor. Alaa Shalaby -President of the Arab Organization for Human Rights- and a number of Arab and African individuals participated in the symposium.

The symposium resulted in reaching a number of recommendations, the most important of which are:

  1. Emphasizing the importance of the role of civil society in the three countries; To overcome the current faltering and rationalize the performance of governments; To de-escalate tension and support an agreement that responds to the rules of international law.
  2. Emphasizing the importance of the Egyptian civil society initiative to open a dialogue with civil society in both Ethiopia and Sudan. With the aim of reaching a joint initiative to promote peace, coexistence and good neighborliness.
  3. Emphasizing the importance of engaging Arab and African civil society; To support the efforts of civil society in the three countries.
  4. The issue is so of a great importance that it affects the fate of 270 million people in the three countries, and the responsibilities must be equal to this level of importance and danger.
  5. The importance of benefiting from similar global experiences, and lessons learned from these experiences; To avoid the negative experiences, such as the experience of the Turkish dams against the people of Syria and Iraq.
  6. The need for a joint Arab strategy to face water-related risks, especially in light of the Israeli seizure of Arab waters, the impact of Turkish dams, and the dangers of the Ethiopian dam.
  7. The move must be towards the protection of inalienable legal rights under international law, and that the legacy of legal obligations must be respected according to the Vienna Convention.
  8. Reaching an agreement means establishing a binding agreement on conflict issues that entails clear legal obligations.
  9. Going to the UN Security Council may be a necessity during the coming period, given that the dispute affects international peace and security and the right of peoples to life, safe living and development.
  10. Priority must be given to establishing a peaceful legal solution, and to exclude anything that would fuel hostility between peoples.
  11. Adhering to the principle of availability of information and transparency among the parties is an essential way to reach a sustainable treatment.
  12. The importance of realizing the risks related to geology and their effects on the structural integrity of the dam and the risks that could threaten the security of the population in eastern and northern Sudan and southern Egypt.
  13. Emphasizing the importance of partnership between the three countries in managing water resources; To meet the considerations and purposes of development of the peoples of the three countries.

The right to common development and the promotion of peace must be the primary purpose of the three nations, in what remains of a short period; To reach an appropriate settlement

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Civil Society and The Renaissance Crisis Seminar – September 2020

September 22nd, 2020 by Editor

In light of the increasing water challenges to the human right to economic development and a decent life, especially with the exacerbation of the Renaissance Dam crisis, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, in cooperation with the Arab Organization for Human Rights, is going to hold a seminar titled “Civil Society and the Renaissance Dam Crisis,” at 12 PM Sunday 27 September 2020. The participations are a number of Arab, African and media experts via (Zoom application).

The major topics we will cover :

1- Raising the local and international public awareness of the crisis and its risks.

2- Formulating a vision based on international human rights law.

3- Enhancing civil society efforts in the three countries to support the handling of the crisis and the prevention of its risks.

4-  Reaching the various crisis tracks and suggesting practical measures for the parties concerned.

The seminar will be chaired by d. Hafez Abu Saada – President of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights.

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For Participation, please contact the (WhatsApp) for the following numbers: (01280006780)-(01002226341).

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The Egyptian organization issues a report Entitled (Elections Under the Corona Pandemic)

September 21st, 2020 by Editor

Today, Monday, September 21, 2020, the Egyptian Organization for Human
Rights (EOHR) issued a report entitled “Elections Under the Corona Pandemic”
documenting the results from monitoring the senate elections. The
introduction of the report notes the importance of hosting ree and fair
elections, as it is an important pillar of the democratic process.
Civil society organizations, including the EOHR, attach importance to election
monitoring of all violations uring the electoral process. Organizations like EOHR
are not aligned with any political activity, political party, or electoral candidate.
Rather, the EOHR strictly monitors elections to ensure that they are free and
fair and ensures that both the ruling party and the opposition parties abide by
the constitution, the laws, and the international standard for human rights. As
such, the EOHR’s role in monitoring elections is not considered political work,
but is non-partisan legal work and is one of its core activities.
The EOHR’s report, “Elections Under the Corona Pandemic” documents the
election monitoring operation for the senate elections. The report is divided
into the following sections:
First: The legislative environment for the Senate elections.
Second: Provisions for voting by mail and ensuring the anonymity of voters
from Egyptians living abroad.
Third: Judicial oversight of the elections.
Forth: The division of the electoral stations and health guarantees under
corona.
Fifth: Analysis of voter demographics
Sixth: Organizing electoral monitoring locally and internationally
Seventh: Analysis of data on electoral stations
Eighth: The votes
The report ended with the following recommendations:
A fair analysis of the senate elections calls for examining several positive points
as well as points of weakness. The purpose of this analysis is not to point out
flaws, but rather to warn of repeated violations. Within this context, the
organization is calling for a set of recommendations, which came mainly as a
result of the organization’s involvement in monitoring work over the past
years.

  1. Promoting the idea of political participation among the various segments
    of citizens is essential. Seeing participation as one of the main pillars on
    which democracy is based, it is important to intensify political awareness
    programs for citizens by organizing seminars, discussion sessions, or
    allocating television programs with the same goal.
  2. It is crucial to introduce the procedures for casting a vote, as it was
    apparent that voters had a limited understanding of the voting process.
    There were two separate papers and two separate voting systems, and
    this led to several invalid votes.
  3. Benefiting from digital technology in the election of Egyptian abroad
    through
  • Registration
  • View candidates profiles and CVs especially in the Plurality voting
    system
  • Voting through the mail without reaching the diplomatic mission’s
    headquarters
  1. The Important role of mass media in raising awareness and motivating
    people to participate as it is a right and a national duty for everyone who
    meets the conditions for political participation.
  2. Senate elections is a vital constitutional entitlement as citizens should
    have a general awareness of its role and the importance of participation.
    Citizens must have wide knowledge of the functions and specialization of
    this council and its potential impact in Egypt

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights welcomes the appointment of an Egyptian ambassador as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee

September 20th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights welcomes the appointment of Ambassador Wafaa Basim as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee. The Human Rights Committee is the entrusted body for the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (OHCHR). This committee is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the covenant and its different provisions in the signatory parties. Each of the signatory parties to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights must submit a quarterly report to the committee.

The appointment of Ambassador Wafaa Basim to the Human Rights Committee is a positive move. Her years of experience as an ambassador and her work as the permanent delegate at the United Nations and other international organizations in Geneva make her an expert in the human rights field. The appointment of a prominent figure such as Basim to the Human Rights committee will contribute to the promotion and improvement of human rights standards in Egypt. Egypt has been represented in the Human Rights Committee in the past. Ambassador Ahmed Fathallah was the former president of the Human Rights Committee, which documents Egypt’s consistent presence in international forums and its commitment to engaging in international institutions for human rights.

Within this light, the EOHR insists on the importance of coordination between the Egyptian state, its institutions, international organizations and civil society organizations with the purpose of fortifying the principles of human rights in society. This endeavor should take into account Egypt’s constitutional obligations as well as its international legal obligations.

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EOHR is following up on the investigations about the death of a citizen as a result of torture and calls for a national mechanism against torture.

September 16th, 2020 by Editor

The Public Prosecution of Southern Giza ordered the imprisonment of four police secretaries and the release of a police officer with 500 EGP bail pending investigations. The Public Prosecution said in a statement issued last Tuesday that it had received a notification from the police of a scuffle between two parties (four against two) with rocks, white weapons and other tools in Al-Madbah Street in Al-Munib District, Giza Governorate.
As a result, there were injuries in both groups and one of the quarrelers was killed. The deceased’s mother and sister accused the police officers who arrested him of killing him.
The Public Prosecution visited the scene of the incident to inspect it and question witnesses. It found five witnesses and kept the footage of the surveillance cameras installed in shops overlooking the side of the venue. The prosecution inspected the body of the deceased at Om Al-Masryeen hospital and found abrasions in separate places on his body.
The Public Prosecution assigned a medical examiner to conduct the autopsy to determine the cause of death, how it happened, and whether it can be conceived to have occurred as presented in the statements of witnesses and quarrelers in the investigations, which are being updated to be announced upon completion.
EHOR affirmed that torture is one of the most serious violations that a person can face, as it represents the humiliation of human dignity and the pain it causes for the victims, whether psychological or physical.
The international community has condemned torture as a crime against human dignity and the international law has categorically prohibited it regardless of the circumstances. It is one of the most heinous and cruel human rights violations, as it abuses the right to physical integrity. Torture leads to the degradation of human dignity and the death of the victim or their exposure to a permanent disability that prevents them from work normally.
The organization notes that many international conventions have emphasized the importance of this right, as it is the most supreme right of all. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights stated in the text of the third article that “everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person,” as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which stated in the sixth article that “every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life”. The Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 17, 1979, stated that “Law enforcement officials may use force only when strictly necessary and to the extent required for the performance of their duty.” EOHR calls for amending Egypt’s Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Law to conform to the Convention against Torture that Egypt has signed and has become a domestic law, as well as reviewing the referral of the suspects in cases of torture
in accordance with Article 129 of the Penal Code on the use of cruelty, which has a non-deterrent penalty. For his part, Dr. Hafez Abu Saada – Head of the EOHR – affirmed that torture is one of the crimes that must be completely eliminated because it violates the most basic human rights, which is the right of life, liberty and personal safety, especially since the 2014 constitution stipulated in Article 55 (the criminalization of torture and ill-treatment). Abu Saada called on the government to amend legislations on the crime of torture, which includes the Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Law, to conform to the new Egyptian constitution and the Convention against Torture, so that the punishment is commensurate with the crime committed. He also called for the signing of the Optional Protocol of the Convention against Torture in order to establish a national mechanism to combat tortur

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Vacancy announcement

September 3rd, 2020 by Editor

Position: Intern Lawyer

Description:  As an Intern lawyer you are expected to carry out the following functions:

  1. As part of the field work unit the Legal Intern will examine and analyze petitions and complaints submitted to EOHR by citizens
    1. Delivering complaints to the Human Rights department of the Ministry of Interior
    1. Engaging in Litigation activities on behalf of EOHR
    1. Working on EOHR’s annual report on the human rights situation in Egypt along with other colleagues

Competencies:

  1. Fluency in English and Arabic
    1. Excellent Writing skills in English and Arabic
    1. Ability to conduct proper academic research
    1. Membership at the Lawyers Union is a must
    1. Degree in Law
    1. Proficiency in using Microsoft Office
    1. Ability to draft proper reports, press releases and research papers
    1. Knowledge of International Human Rights Instruments
    1. Preferable to have at least 1 year of working experience with an NGO or an International Organization
    1. Ability to Work under pressure

Deadline: 20/09/2020

Interested applicants should send their CVs to the following Emails, Osman91@aucegypt.edu and eohr@link.net and applicants should indicate which position they are applying for in their emails.. candidates who fail to do so will be disqualified.

Note: Only Shortlisted candidates will be contacted

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