EOHR is following up on the investigations about the death of a citizen as a result of torture and calls for a national mechanism against torture.

September 16th, 2020 by Editor

The Public Prosecution of Southern Giza ordered the imprisonment of four police secretaries and the release of a police officer with 500 EGP bail pending investigations. The Public Prosecution said in a statement issued last Tuesday that it had received a notification from the police of a scuffle between two parties (four against two) with rocks, white weapons and other tools in Al-Madbah Street in Al-Munib District, Giza Governorate.
As a result, there were injuries in both groups and one of the quarrelers was killed. The deceased’s mother and sister accused the police officers who arrested him of killing him.
The Public Prosecution visited the scene of the incident to inspect it and question witnesses. It found five witnesses and kept the footage of the surveillance cameras installed in shops overlooking the side of the venue. The prosecution inspected the body of the deceased at Om Al-Masryeen hospital and found abrasions in separate places on his body.
The Public Prosecution assigned a medical examiner to conduct the autopsy to determine the cause of death, how it happened, and whether it can be conceived to have occurred as presented in the statements of witnesses and quarrelers in the investigations, which are being updated to be announced upon completion.
EHOR affirmed that torture is one of the most serious violations that a person can face, as it represents the humiliation of human dignity and the pain it causes for the victims, whether psychological or physical.
The international community has condemned torture as a crime against human dignity and the international law has categorically prohibited it regardless of the circumstances. It is one of the most heinous and cruel human rights violations, as it abuses the right to physical integrity. Torture leads to the degradation of human dignity and the death of the victim or their exposure to a permanent disability that prevents them from work normally.
The organization notes that many international conventions have emphasized the importance of this right, as it is the most supreme right of all. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights stated in the text of the third article that “everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person,” as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which stated in the sixth article that “every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life”. The Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 17, 1979, stated that “Law enforcement officials may use force only when strictly necessary and to the extent required for the performance of their duty.” EOHR calls for amending Egypt’s Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Law to conform to the Convention against Torture that Egypt has signed and has become a domestic law, as well as reviewing the referral of the suspects in cases of torture
in accordance with Article 129 of the Penal Code on the use of cruelty, which has a non-deterrent penalty. For his part, Dr. Hafez Abu Saada – Head of the EOHR – affirmed that torture is one of the crimes that must be completely eliminated because it violates the most basic human rights, which is the right of life, liberty and personal safety, especially since the 2014 constitution stipulated in Article 55 (the criminalization of torture and ill-treatment). Abu Saada called on the government to amend legislations on the crime of torture, which includes the Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Law, to conform to the new Egyptian constitution and the Convention against Torture, so that the punishment is commensurate with the crime committed. He also called for the signing of the Optional Protocol of the Convention against Torture in order to establish a national mechanism to combat tortur

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