The Developments of the First Phase of the Parliamentary Elections

October 24th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) is monitoring the voting process in the first phase of the Parliamentary elections which started a short while ago. These elections will form the parliament in its second session. The first phase of the elections will take place on October 24-25 and will span across 14 governorates including: Giza, Fayoum, Beni Suef, Minya, Assiut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan, the Red Sea, Alexandria, Beheira, Matrouh. Voters abroad have already cast their ballots for the Parliamentary elections on October 21-23.

The second phase of the elections will take place on November 7-8 and will span across the remaining governorates including: Cairo, Qalyubia, Menoufia, Dakahlia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharkia, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, and South Sinai.

It should be noted that the run-off round for the unresolved seats in the first phase will take place on November 23-24 inside the Republic, and on November 21-23 abroad, with the final result announced on November 30, 2020.

These elections are being held under the full supervision of the National Elections Authority, and the commission has imposed necessary health measures to deal with the (Covid-19) epidemic.

The committee issued 24 decisions on the elections (Resolutions 52-74 of 2020). The first decision invited voters on September 10. The committee will rely on judicial bodies to supervise the electoral process in all polling stations, wherein the first phase elections will be held in 10,240 polling stations by balloting.

The eligible voters are 63 million citizens, wherein the names of all those who are eighteen or older are automatically added to the voter database on the day of the call for elections.

About 300,000 security forces from the police force, backed by some formations of the armed forces, will participate in securing the electoral process.

A total of 284 seats will be up for grabs in the first stage, with half — 142 seats — allocated to individual candidates, and the other half to party lists. The seats will be distributed across four geographical constituencies according to the relative distribution of the population.

The seats in the single system were significantly reduced from 468 seats to 284 seats, and the number of parties reached more than 100 parties.

These elections will witness significant progress in the participation of women, wherein the quota of seats allocated to women was raised to 25 percent. In addition, other quotas were allocated to marginalized groups to ensure their representation in the parliament including workers and farmers, people with disabilities, Egyptians living abroad, and Christians.

The President of the Republic may appoint 5 percent of the seats, up to a maximum of 28 seats, increasing the number of seats in the parliament from 568 to 596 seats.

There are 1136 candidates competing for the 284 seats in the list system under four lists, which are: The List for Egypt which includes 12 parties in four districts, Nidaa Masr Party List in Upper Egypt and West Delta Districts, the Sons of Egypt list that includes about seven parties in the district of East Delta, and the list of Independents Alliance and includes three parties in Cairo District, South and Central Delta.

The number of female candidates on the lists is 607 (331 primary candidates – 276 alternate candidates).

3,964 candidates (after 68 candidates abdicated) will compete for the 284 seats in the individual seat system, of whom 3,096 are independent candidates, compared to 868 party candidates representing 36 parties.

There are only 346 female candidates for individual seats, of whom 35 represent 17 political parties, and 309 are independent.

The National Elections Authority has issued decisions 2020/61 to monitor the conduct of the elections, 64/2020 regarding advertising controls, 65/2020 to form a committee to monitor irregularities, and 66/2020 assigning experts from the Ministry of Justice to review the electoral campaign accounts.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights is participating in monitoring the first phase of the Parliamentary elections in (10) governorates, with a total of (750) observers.

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