3rd Report: 2nd Day – Monitoring the Parliamentary Elections 2020 in the First Stage

October 25th, 2020 by Editor


(High participation rate in the last hours before the polling stations closed)

The National Elections Authority, headed by Counselor Lashin Ibrahim, Vice President of the Court of Cassation, announced the end of the first phase of Egyptian voting in the 2020 Parliament elections, in preparation for the start of the vote-counting process. The electoral process for the Egyptian Parliament elections has been inaugurated under full judicial supervision, whereby 33 million and 472 thousand Egyptian citizens are entitled to cast their electoral votes in the first phase. The first phase of elections included 71 constituencies in 14 governorates including Giza, Fayoum, Bani Suef, Minya, Assiut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan, the Red Sea, Alexandria, Beheira, Matrouh. These voters were distributed among 10,240 polling stations to elect 284 members of parliament in the individual and lists systems. Each polling station was supervised by a judge.

Through the organization’s operation room, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) monitored the first phase of the elections, which took place on the 24th and 25th of October. Over these two days, the EOHR observed several violations of electoral regulations ranging from electoral bribes, to the presence of representatives of candidates at the polling station, to the distribution of vouchers and cartons of food supplies. In addition, there was weak adherence to the precautionary measures set by the National Elections Authority and the Egyptian Ministry of Health to confront the COVID-19 pandemic in front of the polling stations. However, inside the polling stations, supervisors were very strict about these health safety measures. While the first day of voting witnessed average voter turnout, the first half of the second day witnessed a weak turnout that gradually increased towards the afternoon.

The electoral process took place under a precautionary atmosphere. The elections witnessed intense competition between independent candidates with less competition in the list system, wherein the National list competed with the Nidaa Masr list. The EOHR observed a notable presence of candidate supporters from the national list in front of the polling station in the 14 governorates in which the elections were held.

The EOHR observed a number of violations that are documented in this report as well as previous reports. These violations were primarily directed towards influencing voters to vote for a particular candidate. There was also a significant presence of electoral propaganda in clear violation of the regulations set by the National Elections Authority. Some parties distributed cartons of food supplies and cash in support of their candidate. The participation rate varied from one polling station to another.

Inside the polling station, there was strict adherence to COVID-19 precautionary measures, including wearing face masks and social distancing. In addition, supervisors emphasized the need to go behind the curtain while voting.

The next Parliament will consist of 284 members from the “absolute closed lists”, and 284 independent candidates for a total of 568 elected representative. The parliament will include 142 women amounting to 25% of the Parliament. The President of the Republic will also appoint 28 deputies, including 7 women to make up 5 % of the parliament. This will bring the total number of representatives to 596 members.

Electoral Violations on the Second Day of Parliamentary Elections:

The organization’s observers detected a range of electoral irregularities in some polling stations, starting from 3:00 PM till 9:00 PM. These irregularities are represented in the widespread appearance of political money in the electoral arena, the failure of the candidates or their representatives to abide by the electoral silence issued by the decision of the National Elections Authority, and the delay in opening some electoral committees. As for the attendance rate, the electoral commissions witnessed a relatively weak attendance rate compared to yesterday, with a higher turnout of women and elderly citizens.

Propaganda Violations:

Giza Governorate:

  • The EOHR witnessed verbal altercations between supporters of candidates in the vicinity of the Al-Warraq and Auseem committees. Security forces was called to break up the altercation and asked the representatives to move away from the polling station.
  • The EOHR received notice that one of the candidates for the Omrania and Talbeih district submitted a report to the Omrania Police Department detailing what he described as harmful violations to the electoral process.
  • The EOHR observed a skirmish between the representatives of the candidates and some citizens at Alaeddin School, due to the poor distribution of financial bribes, and Al-Tameer Street also witnessed great disagreements and exchanges between the representatives of the same candidate and some voters due to the exchange of words and causing a great disturbance in the street in the Talbiya area.
  • The organization in Al-Umraniyah monitored the distribution of cash and in-kind gifts to the voters in exchange for their vote, as well as the exploitation of some charitable societies and their use in mobilizing citizens benefiting from them and buying their electoral votes.

Aswan Governorate:

  • The organization detected bribes in front of the polling station in “Abtal October”  School, and it was documented by a journalist. And one of the supporters of one of the candidates beat the journalist, and the journalist filed a report and the incident was record, as the incident took place in Al-Jabbana Street, where there is a place in this street for a candidate through which he distributed  Bribes to voters, and when the journalist tried to film the bribes, they beat her.
  • The organization detected directing voters in favor of the Watan Future Party in front of the polling station No. 303 & 304, located in Al-Khayyat Secondary School for Girls in Asyut, in favor of the Watan Future Party.
  • The organization detected unconventional prohibited electoral bribes, as some candidates were distributing hashish and banjo in various polling stations to the voters.

Minya Governorate:

  • The organization observed a quarrel between supporters of the candidates while they were outside the polling station No.191 in the Kafr Mansoura schools, and the security forces interfered.
  • The organization detected a quarrel between the supporters of two candidates in the  Al-Salam Primary School polling station in Shaheen neighborhood, Bandar Al-Minya, and the security forces intervened to break the fight without causing any injuries.

Beheira Governorate:

  • The organization detected the distribution of cards for a candidate in Damanhour.
  • The organization observed the presence of election propaganda and cards for a number of candidates in Damanhour, in front of the polling station of al horreya Square School.

Alexandria Governorate:

  • The organization observed that the Watan Future Party was distributing cartons to the voters and directing them.
  • The organization observed mass transfers in microbuses with a badge for one of the candidates, where dozens of cars took over to transfer women while giving a golden coupon for a big supermarket.
  • The organization detected a gathering of women in front of the polling station of “gabal al zaytoun”, who were angry because the representatives of “Mostakbal watan party” refused to give them a coupon.
  • During the last quarter of the second day of the elections, the organization spotted the payment of vouchers in Al-Ajami, sixth district, in front of one of the electoral headquarters of “Mostakbal watan” candidate.

Assiut Governorate:

  • The organization observed some candidates in front of polling station No. 325 & 324 & 323 located in Moheb Ayoub Preparatory School for Boys in Fallot, where a group of young people wearing a dark blue T-shirt written, they were taking the cards from the voters and directed them to elect specific candidates and promising them to take a coupon after the vote.

Luxor Governorate:

  • The organization detected the existence of electoral bribes for the deir esna and the Deir al salah polling stations in favor of the Future Nation candidate and 3 independent candidates.

Fayoum Governorate:

  • The organization spotted the spread of electoral bribes in some committees.

Adhere to the precautionary measures:

Beni Suef Governorate:

The organization monitored failure to adhere to the precautionary measures and not wearing masks at Bani Hamad Joint Primary School, Committee 24, in Bani Hamad Village, Beni Suef Center.

Turnout rate:

Beni Suef Governorate:

  • The organization observed an average turnout in Bani Hamad Joint Primary School, polling station 24, in Bani Hamad Village.

Giza:

  • The organization observed an increase in the number of voters in the polling stations in the Bulaq Dakrur district.

Aswan Governorate:

  • The organization observed the turnout in the last quarter of the second day, and turnout increased for the 2020 Parliament elections for the first stage.

Alexandria Governorate:

  • The organization observed an increase in voter’s turnout rate in the polling stations of Nabe` al-Fikr secondary schools in Mina Al-Basal, where enrollment is 3300 and attendance is 1100.

Luxor Governorate:

  • The organization observed a remarkable increase in the rate of participation in all the polling stations.

Sohag Governorate:

  • The organization observed a significant increase in the voter’s turnout.

Fayoum Governorate:

  • The organization observed a significant increase in the voter’s turnout.

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