Archive for November, 2020

1st report: EOHR is Monitoring the Voting Process in the First Round of the First Phase of the Parliament Elections

November 24th, 2020 by Editor

The first report: The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights is Monitoring the Voting Process in the First Round of the First Phase of the Parliament Elections

(Delayed opening of some polling stations – moderate turnout)

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights continues to monitor the electoral process for the second consecutive day of the run-offs of the first phase of the House of Representatives elections. The run-offs began this morning, Tuesday 11/24/2020 AD, at exactly 9:00 AM and are scheduled to end at exactly 9:00 PM. The final results will be announced on November 30, 2020. In this round, 220 candidates are competing for 110 seats in individual constituencies consisting of 47 electoral districts in 13 governorates.

The runoffs for the Egyptian House of Representatives elections are continuing under full judicial supervision over the various polling stations. Judges and polling station supervisors are emphasizing the need to uphold precautionary measures to confront the COVID-19 as well as the administrative procedures set by the National Elections Authority as well as the Egyptian Ministry of Health.

Precautionary and Preventive Measures

Polling stations opened their doors to the voters at exactly 9:00 AM  on the second day of the House of Representatives elections in the run-offs of the first phase. The organization’s observers noted that the concerned authorities sterilized the polling stations and prepared them to start the electoral process. Supervisors were ensuring discipline in polling stations and adhering to the precautionary measures within the polling stations including wearing a mask and adhering to social distancing. Judges also ensured that voters went behind screens to cast their votes. Supervisors upheld all administrative procedures related to the electoral process and necessary for its safety.

Electoral Violations

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights observed electoral violations in the run-off for the first phase on its second day through its operation room and its observers in the governorates. This report documents violations observed from 9:00 AM until 3:00 PM. These violations included the presence of electoral propaganda in violation of the decision of the National Elections Authority.  Some candidates were also distributing bribes in front of polling stations. The polling stations witnessed a relatively moderate attendance rate.

The organization also noted the withdrawal of three independent candidates from the run-off elections in Assiut governorate from the districts of Dayrut, Qusiya and Manfalut centers. They had objected to the practices of the Future and Nation Party candidates who were distributing cartons containing some food commodities, through charitable societies for voters.

Likewise, the organization noted some altercations in Minya governorate between supporters of the Nation’s Future candidate and supporters of an independent candidate in front of the Kafr Mansoura school complex. There were similar altercations between supporters of the Nation’s Future Party candidate and supporters of the Reform and Development Party candidate in front of the primary school in the center of Malawi.

In addition, the organization observed that unknown assailants shot at the Hamat al-Watan candidate from the Tamiya and Senoras constituency, while he was in front of his house, in the Kom Oshim area of ​​the Fayoum governorate.

Violations of the election campaign:

Minya Governorate:

  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation of directing voters in favor of the Watan Future candidate before the polling station of the Agricultural Secondary School and the Shousha Joint Secondary School in Samalout District.
  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation of directing voters in favor of the Watan Future candidate before the polling station of Al-Ittihad Secondary School, Al-Salam Primary School and Kafr Mansoura school in the Minya district.
  • The organization detected a violation of the mobilizing voters in front of the polling station No. 4 of Abu Qurqas in front of Al manshaa al fekrya School in favor of an independent candidate.
  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in favor of the Nation’s Future Party candidate in front of the Military High School for Boys.
  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation in favor of a candidate of the Watan Future Party in front of the Agricultural High School in Samalout District.
  • The organization monitored electoral propaganda for the candidate of the Watan Future Party in front of Al Ittihad Secondary School in Minya District.
  • The organization detected an election campaign violation in favor of the republican party candidate in the Fifth constituency Bandar Malawi.
  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation in favor of the Reform and Development Party candidate in front of Al-Rawda Primary School in Malawi.
  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation in favor of the republican party candidate in the Aba al wakaf area, Maghagha.

Alexandria Governorate:

  • The organization detected an electoral bribe violation, as the candidates of the Watan Future Party distributed coupons with their pictures inside the headquarters of the Al-Zuhour School polling station in Ghit Al-Anab, karmoz, fourth constituency, polling stations No. 126 and 127

Luxor Governorate:

  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation and voter mobilization in favor of the Republican Party candidate in Esna district.

Aswan Governorate:

  • The organization detected electoral bribes violations, by distributing food cartons in favor of  al Watan Future Party candidates in Daraw, Edfu and Aswan.

Assiut Governorate:

  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation and directing voters; In the cultural Azharian Elementary Institute, as a picture of an independent candidate was hung on the wall, and supporters of the candidate were directing voters infront of the polling stations No. 127 and 128.
  • The organization detected a violation of transferring voters  in favor of one of the candidates of Watan Future Party, in front of  polling stations No. 4 and 5, located in Ahmed Qureshi Secondary School for Boys in Dairout District.

Other violations:

Assiut Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation in front of the polling station No. 325 located in Moheb Ayoub Preparatory School for Boys in Manfallout. As one of the illiterate female voters who did not know how to read and write entered the polling station, and was given the electoral card and casted her vote with another female voter.

Voter’s Turnout:

Aswan Governorate:

  • The organization observed a high voter’s turnout during the first minutes of the opening of the polling stations No. 373.
  • The organization observed a low voter’s turnout during the afternoon in Daraw, Edfu.

Alexandria Governorate:

  • The organization observed a low voter’s turnout until afternoon in the Al Zuhour School in Ghit Al-Enab, fourth constituency, polling station No. 126, where the number of enrolled eligible voters  was 4,043 and number of voter’s turnout was 650. The same goes for the polling station  No. 127, as the number of enrolled eligible voters was 4,043 and the number of voter’s turnout was 658.

New Valley Governorate:

  • The organization observed an average voter’s turnout in Kharga and Dakhla constituencies in New Valley in 75 electoral committees, distributed among 60 electoral centers.

Minya Governorate:

  • The organization observed a low voter’s turnout in the polling stations of al monshaa al fekr school in Abu Qurqas, and in the polling station of the Military Secondary School for Boys, the Agricultural Secondary School in the Samalout Center, and the Al-Ittihad Secondary School in the Minya.

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The 3rd Report: EOHR Monitors the Run-off Round of the First Phase of the Parliament Elections

November 23rd, 2020 by Editor


(Medium turnout – and advertising violations)

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) continues to monitor the run-off elections for the first phase, which began this morning at 9:00 AM and will continue until tomorrow, corresponding to November 24. 220 candidates are competing for 110 seats in individual constituencies. The EOHR will continue to monitor the electoral process through its operations room for violations at the level of polling stations in the 13 governorates with run-off elections. The EOHR will also monitor the extent of commitment to the decisions of the National Elections Authority.

The third report comes documents electoral violations from the first day of the run-off elections, which were monitored by EOHR observers. Polling stations will continue to receive voters to choose their next representatives in the House of Representatives 2020.

Electoral violations on the first day of the run-off round of the first phase of the electoral process:

The EOHR observed electoral violations in the run-offs of the first phase in its first day through its operation room and via its observers. This report documents violations observed starting from 12:00 PM until 3:00 PM. These violations included the presence of electoral influence by some candidates and the presence of electoral propaganda in violation of the decisions of the National Elections Authority. Voter turnout was at an average rate.

Electoral Propaganda Violations:

Minya Governorate:

  • The organization observed candidate representatives attempting to influence voter decisions in front of the Military Secondary Boys School, Minya Center, in favor of an independent candidate.
  • The organization observed candidate representatives attempting to influence voter decisions in front of the Cement Nazla Primary School, Abu Qurqas Center, in favor of one of the independent candidates.
  • The organization observed candidate representatives attempting to influence voter decisions in front of Al Salam Primary School, Minya Center, in favor of an independent candidate.
  • The organization observed candidate representatives attempting to influence voter decisions in front of Al Ittihad School, Minya Center, in favor of independent candidates.
  • The organization noted that an independent candidate was providing transportation to voters in front of Manasha Al Fekriyah Preparatory School, Abu Qurqas Center.
  • The organization noted that an independent candidate provided transportation to voters and had posters displayed on the walls of the polling station at Qasim Amin Secondary School for Girls.

Alexandria Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation in the polling station No. 163 Nabaa Al-Fikr School, Mina Al-Basal Center, Fourth constituency. Where one of the candidates’ representatives submitted a complaint to the head of the Elections Committee stating that one of the candidates of Mostakbal Watan is distributing coupons as a bribe to voters. .
  • The organization detected a violation outside Hassan Abdullah School in Kom al-Shuqafa, the fourth constituency, where supporters of Mostakbal Watan candidates set up informative spots and distributed coupons to voters.
  • The organization detected a violation of electoral bribes; as a mostakbal watan candidate distributes “Fathallah” coupons with the help of “Al-Bir Human Association” located at Al-Tawfiqeya Street, behind Al-Marwa School, Mina Al-Basal Center, Fourth constituency.
  • The organization detected a violation of transferring voter transportation and distributing electoral bribes outside Hassan Abdullah School in Kom Al-Shuqafa, fourth constituency, where microbuses are transferring women to the committees with pictures of independent candidates in addition to the distribution of donations for the candidate of Mostakbal watan party.

Luxor Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation of directing voters and transferring voters in the areas of Al-Dayr and Al-Hillah, in front of Al-Deir Primary School.
  • The organization detected a violation of distributing electoral bribes, when an independent candidate distributed food cartons in the areas of Al-Dayr and Al-Hilla.

Assiut Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation of directing voters in front of  the polling station No. 116, 117 located in Hafez Ibrahim Preparatory School for Boys in Dairout in favor of an independent candidate.
  • The organization detected a violation of directing voters in front of the polling station No. 6 and 7 located at the Al-Azharri Religious Institute Secondary School in Dairout, in favor of the candidates of the Watan Future Party.

Violations of preventing observers from entering the polling stations:

Assiut Governorate:

  • The organization monitored an electoral violation, where a police officer in front of polling station No. 116 and 117 located in Hafez Ibrahim Preparatory School for Boys in Dairout prevented EOHR observers from entering the polling station.

Alexandria Governorate:

  • The organization observed a violation of preventing some of the candidates’ representatives from registering their attendance within the polling stations despite the presence of papers that proves their status.

Other violations:

Minya Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation at a polling station that stopped allowing voters to enter, in the Sixth constituency, located in Deir Mawas, Minya Dstrict.
  • The organization observed altercations in front of Al Salam Primary School in Shaheen district, between supporters of the candidates.

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EOHR is Monitoring the Voting Process in the Run-offs of the First Phase of the Parliamentary Elections

November 23rd, 2020 by Editor


The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights is monitoring the run-off elections for the first phase, in which 220 candidates are competing for 110 seats in individual constituencies. The first phase of the run-offs includes 47 electoral districts in 13 governorates: Giza, Fayoum, Beni Suef, Minya, Assiut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan, Alexandria, Beheira, Matrouh. The Red Sea Governorate will not be holding run-offs as the candidates secured all the seats allocated to the region in the first round.

Voting in the run-offs to the first phase began on November 21, 22, and 23 abroad, and will take place on November 23 and 24 in Egypt. The final results will be announced on November 30, 2020.

The elections for the first phase of the House of Representatives elections took place on the 24th and 25th of October 2020. The electoral process was supervised by 1,200 judges who emphasized the importance of maintaining the COVID-19 precautionary measures and following the administrative procedures set by the National Elections Authority.

33 million and 472 thousand Egyptian citizens are entitled to cast their vote in the first phase. 9 million and 69 thousand participated in the elections, which is a 28.06% voter turnout rate. 1 million of these votes were invalid. These were the official statistics announced by the National Elections Authority. 

The National Elections Authority announced the winners of the first round of the elections for the first phase of the House of Representatives 2020 under the list system. 568 primary and backup candidates competed under two electoral lists, the “Nidaa Masr” and the “National List for Egypt”.

The National List for Egypt won 142 seats and obtained approximately 89.3% of the total number of valid votes. While 32 candidates succeeded in winning and resolving the electoral dispute in the first round by the individual system, only one woman, “Nashwa Al Deeb” in Imbaba district in Giza, succeeded in settling the elections in the first round. A such, the percentage of seats that were secured in the first round by women stood at 3.1% and the percentage of seats secured by men stood at 96.9%. Currently, 6 women are competing in the run-off round of the elections (4 in Alexandria + 2 in Beheira). 220 independent candidates, 86 candidates of the Future Nation Party, and 19 Republican candidates, including 6 women, are also competing.

The National Elections authority has issued decisions No. 61/2020 to monitor the conduct of the elections, and  No. 64/2020 on advertising controls, No.  65/2020 to form a committee to monitor irregularities, and No. 66/2020 assigning experts to the Ministry of Justice to monitor the accounts of the electoral campaigns.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights is monitoring the first phase of the House of Representatives elections in (10) governorates, with a total of (750) observers.

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On the International Day for Tolerance, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights Calls for the Rejection of Violence and Intolerance

November 16th, 2020 by Editor


On the International Day for Tolerance, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights calls for reinforcing the values ​​of tolerance, understanding, acceptance of others, and upholding humanitarian values. The EOHR also calls for the adoption of concrete steps aimed at establishing and deepening the values ​​of tolerance in Egyptian society, and educating society about the importance of tolerance as one of the highest values ​​that ensure the continuation of coexistence between different ethnic, religious, and cultural groups.

The world celebrates the International Day for Tolerance on November 16 of each year after the United Nations General Assembly’s declaration in 1993 that 1995 will be the United Nations Year of Tolerance. At the UNESCO General Conference on November 16, 1995, Member States adopted the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance. This Declaration affirms, among other principles, that tolerance does not mean indifference. Rather, it is respect and appreciation for cultural and human diversity. The declaration also affirms that tolerance recognizes all universal human rights and fundamental freedoms for others. The declaration outlines the issue of tolerance as a political and legal condition for individuals, groups, and states, as it links the issue of tolerance in international human rights instruments developed over the past fifty years. The declaration also urges states to draft new legislation when necessary to ensure equality of treatment and equal opportunities for all groups and individuals in society.

UNESCO established the Madanjeet Singh Prize to promote the spirit of tolerance and non-violence in important activities in the scientific, artistic, cultural and communication fields. The award celebrates individuals, institutions, or organizations who have distinguished themselves for undertaking meritorious initiatives aimed at enhancing understanding and settling international or national problems in a spirit of tolerance and non-violence over several years. The award was established in 1995 in celebration of the United Nations Year of Tolerance, commemorating the one hundred and twenty-five years since the birth of Mahatma Gandhi. The award is worth 1,000,000 US dollars, and it is awarded every two years during an official celebration on the occasion of the International Day of Tolerance.

In addition to injustice and violence, discrimination and marginalization are also common forms of intolerance. Therefore, generational education must aim to ward off the influences that generate feelings of fear and marginalization, as well as to accept all religions, languages , ​​and cultures with their diversity, and not to address the outbreak of conflicts and the spread of violence because of that diversity.

Dr. Abu Saada – President of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights – maintained that establishing the principles of tolerance requires a law prohibiting all hate crimes and discrimination against minorities, as well as an educational system that ensures the creation of new generations that value ​​tolerance.

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Following up on the 2nd day of the House of Representatives elections in the second phase: Statistics on electoral violations

November 9th, 2020 by Editor


(Statistics on electoral violations)

The National Elections Authority headed by Counselor Lashin Ibrahim – Vice President of the Court of Cassation – announced the end of the second phase of the Egyptians voting in the 2020 House of Representatives elections. The elections took place on November 7 and 8, and now  the start of the vote-counting process will begin. The second phase of the elections took place in 13 governorates, which include Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharkia, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, and South Sinai. About 31 million Egyptian citizens cast their votes in the second phase, in 9,468 polling stations to elect 284 deputies in the individual and lists systems. The elections were supervised by about 12,000 judges.

In the second stage, about 2,083 candidates competed in 70 individual constituencies, as well as about 284 main candidates in the list system. The competition in the list system was between the Men Agl Masr List and the Independents Alliance list in the Cairo district, South and Central Delta district for 100 seats. Men Agl Masr list and Abnaa Masr list competed in the district of the East Delta sector for 42 seats.

After the end of the last day of voting and allowing the last voter present inside the electoral campus to cast his vote, the votes are counted within the subsidiary polling stations, and the results will be announced then sent to the general polling station which in turn reviews the papers and then announces the numerical count for each general polling station.

The results of the second phase shall be announced no later than November 15. In the event of the run-offs for the second phase, campaigning will resume from November 16 to December 2 when candidates will be required to stop all campaigning efforts. The final election result will be announced on December 14th.

In conjunction with the closure of the electoral commissions’ doors, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) closely followed its correspondents in the governorates, and in contact with the organization’s operations room, the course of the second phase of the House of Representatives elections 2020 on 7 and 8 November. The organization detected a set of violations, ranging from electoral bribes, the presence of candidate’s representatives directing voters, the distribution of vouchers and foodstuff.

With regard to adherence to the precautionary and administrative measures set by the National Elections Authority for the safety of voters, outside the polling stations witnessed a moderate commitment by the voters with regard to the instructions of the Egyptian Ministry of Health preventive measures of COVID19, while inside the polling stations, the judges, and supervisors stressed on the importance of the preventative measures. Regarding the rate of voter’s turnout, the first day witnessed a moderate turnout, while the first half of the second day witnessed an average turnout that gradually increased in the last quarter of the second day, and women took the lead in the electoral scene.

This report includes the violations that were monitored by the organization, which actually did not affect the electoral process, as all the detected violations were concentrated outside the polling stations and not inside it. Most violations were centered around candidates and their followers directing the voters and exploiting them financially by paying bribes, and influencing them psychologically by directing them through the banners to vote for a specific candidate, while inside the polling stations witnessed a state of discipline, commitment and emphasis by the judges to comply and abide by the instructions of the Commission With regard to the electoral process and voting procedures within the committees.

Electoral Violations:

The Egyptian Organization has detected a number of violations that have been documented in this report as well as in previous reports. This final report documents violations detected from 4 pm to 9 pm. Most of the violations included the exercise of some kind of direction in favor of a particular candidate in front of the polling stations, the presence of electoral propaganda in violation of the decisions of the National Elections Commission, as well as the distribution of cartons and cash by some parties to the voters. Voter turnout varied from one polling station to another. While the turnout was weak in some polling stations, while the number of voters increased on the second day of elections.

Electoral Violations Statistics

  • The organization detected a number of propaganda violations, whereby followers of candidates hung banners in front of the polling stations in order to influence voters to cast their votes for a particular candidate.
  • The organization detected a number of violations of the provision of collective transportation for voters (taxis & tok-toks) to and from the polling stations in order to vote for a candidate.
  • The organization detected a number of electoral bribes. The price of a vote ranging from 50 pounds to 200 pounds per vote in some polling stations.
  • The organization monitored a number of altercations between some supporters of the Men Agl Masr list and the supporters of the Independents List as they objected to the distribution of electoral bribes in favor of the Mostaqbal Watan Party.
  • The organization monitored a number of violations of the distribution of gifts from and propaganda through loudspeakers in the streets for citizens to come out and vote for the national list.
  • The organization detected a number of violations of the delay in opening the polling stations on the first day. Some polling stations were closed for a period of approximately 4 hours, which led to the anger of some citizens who wanted to cast their votes.

The most prominent governorates that witnessed violations:

  • The organization monitored electoral campaign violations in the governorates of Menoufia, Suez, Kafr El Sheikh, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Cairo and North Sinai.
  • The organization detected a violation of transferring and directing voters in the governorates of Sharkia, Damietta, Gharbia, Cairo, Kafr El Sheikh.
  • The organization detected a violation of the distribution of electoral bribes in the governorates of Dakahlia, Sharkia, Damietta, Cairo, North Sinai, Gharbia, and Suez.
  • The organization observed a violation of closing polling stations in Sharkia governorate.

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1st report: Follow-up on the second day of the House of Representatives elections 2020 in the second phase

November 8th, 2020 by Editor

(Moderate voter’s turnout  – and electoral violations in front of polling stations)

The electoral process continues for the second consecutive day of the second phase of the House of Representatives elections. The elections began on Sunday morning, 11/8/2020 at nine o’clock in the morning and are scheduled to end at exactly nine o’clock in the evening. More than 31 million voters in 13 governorates will continue to cast their votes within 9,468 polling stations.

The second day of the electoral process for the Egyptian Parliament elections will continue under full judicial supervision over the various polling stations by 12 thousand judges. Judges supervising polling stations will stress the importance of precautionary measures and following the administrative procedures set by the National Elections Authority and the Egyptian Ministry of Health regarding response to COVID19.

The first report for the second-day documents a group of electoral violations that were monitored by the EOHR’s observers. Indeed, the organization firmly believes in the importance of civil society monitoring of elections in general and parliamentary elections in particular. This report deals with violations in the second phase of elections in the 13 governorates. The violations ranged from electoral campaigning in front of the polling stations in violation of the decisions of the National Authority, as well as the spread of electoral bribes, in which the price of the electoral vote in some polling stations reached nearly 200 pounds, which disrupts the electoral process and affects its integrity.

Precautionary and preventive measures

The electoral commissions opened their doors to the voters at exactly nine o’clock in the morning on the second day of the House of Representatives elections in the second phase. The organization’s observers noticed that the authorities sterilized the polling stations and prepared them to start the electoral process. There was strict discipline and direction to adhere to the precautionary measures within the polling stations. Voters were instructed to wear masks and adhere to social distancing. Judges and supervisors in the polling stations also ensured that voters went behind curtains while they were casting their votes. There was strict adherence to all administrative procedures related to the electoral process that are necessary for its safety.

Electoral Violations

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights observed several electoral violations on the second day of the second phase of the elections through its operation room and its observers in the different governorates. The first report concerns violations observed between 9:00AM and 11:00 AM. These violations included the use of electoral bribes, and some candidates continued to campaign in front of polling stations in violation of the National Election Authority’s decision. Candidates and their supports continued to transport voters to polling stations and direct voters in front of the polling stations. The voter turnout was moderate with a significant presence of women and the elderly.

Violations of the election propaganda:

Damietta Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation of the mass transfer of voters as well as the distribution of electoral bribes by the Mostqbal Watan Party candidate and the Al-Shaab Al-Gomhori candidate. The price of each vote reached 100 pounds, in front of the First District in Al-Siyala area and Izbat Al-Saidi School.
  • The organization detected a violation of a mass transfer of voters in front of the polling station in the first district in Kafr Al-Batikh School and Adliya Elementary School by the candidates of the Mostaqbal Watan Party and the Al-Shaab Al-Gomhori Party.
  • The organization detected a 50-pound electoral bribe violation in front of the Experimental School Committee in Ras El-Bar, in favor of one of independent candidates.
  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation and the distribution of electoral bribes where the price of the vote reached 100 pounds in front of the polling stations of the second district in Abbas Al-Kayyal Preparatory School in the village of Sharmasah and Martyr Omar Al-Shazly Primary School in Zaatarah.

Dakahlia Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation of distributing electoral bribes worth 200 Egyptain pounds in favor of a candidate of Watan’s Future Party in front of the polling station of the Secondary School for Boys and Maghazi School in Belqas district, as well as the violation of transporting voters in their vehicles.

Al Gharbia Governorate:

  • The organization spotted a violation of transferring voters in front of Omar Zaafan and Safia Zaghloul schools in favor of the candidates of the Tagammu Party and the Watan Future Party.
  • The organization spotted an electoral propaganda of hanging banners in favor of the independents list. It is written on it, “Know your committee”, next to the photos of the candidates of the list before the committees of Safeya Zaghloul School.
  • The organization spotted a violation of distributing electoral bribes, and the payment of 100 pounds for one vote in front of the polling station of  Abd al-Hai Khalil and Taha Hussein schools in favor of the Tagammu’s and Watan’s Future Party candidates.
  • The organization spotted a violation of providing a mass transfer of voters for one of the independent candidates in Al Gharbia Governorate.

Al Sharqia Governorate:

  • The organization spotted a violation of transferring voters in front of the committees of Al Husseiniya Secondary School for Girls and the Sheikh Abu Jarir Institute in favor of one of the candidates.
  • The organization spotted a violation of distributing electoral bribes; Whereas the price of the vote reached 200 pounds in front of the polling stations of the first district in the Al-Hikma Schools, Zagazig Center, for the candidate of the Watan Future Party.
  • The organization detected electoral bribe violations for the candidate of the Watan Future Party before the polling stations of Sadat Secondary School for Girls, Zagazig.
  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation by distributing electoral bribes in front of the polling station of Al-Shoubak Primary School in Al-Shoubak District, Zagazig, for the candidate of the Watan Future Party.

Suez Governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation of distributing electoral bribes in favor of an independent candidate; Where the price of the vote reached 50 Egy. pounds, in front of the polling stations of Abu Aref School in Al-Ganayen, the Amer Village School, and the Saloufa School.
  • The organization detected an election campaign violation before the Imam Malik School polling station in Suez district. Where banners were found before the polling stations in favor of the candidate of the Future of the Nation Party.

Kafr Al sheikh governorate:

  • The organization detected a violation of transporting voters in cars belonging to one of the independent candidates, as well as a violation of paying electoral bribes worth one hundred Egyptain pounds before the polling station of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq School in Desouk city.

Cairo Governorate:

  • The organization spotted a violation of directing voters in favor of the Republican Party candidate before the polling station of Ibn Rushd School in the Amiriya area, as well as a violation of paying electoral bribes to voters in the form of bonuses worth one hundred pounds.
  • The organization spotted a violation of a mass transfer of voters in front of the polling station of Amr bin Al-Aas School, as well as a violation of distributing electoral bribes in favor of one of the independent candidates, in addition to not adhering to the preventive procedures, as voters did not adhere to wearing masks during voting.

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3rd report: Monitoring the course of the House of Representatives elections 2020 in the second phase

November 7th, 2020 by Editor

(Medium participation rate – along with some violations)

The electoral process for the second phase of the House of Representatives elections began on Saturday 7/11/2020 at nine o’clock in the morning. The second phase extends on November 7-8, from nine o’clock in the morning until nine o’clock in the evening. The electoral process for the House of Representatives elections is operating under full judicial supervision.

31 million Egyptian citizens are entitled to cast their electoral vote in the second phase. The National Elections Authority launched the second phase in the 13 governorates: “Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharkia, Damietta , Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, South Sinai. These voters are will vote in 9,468 polling stations to choose 284 deputies in the individual and lists systems. The polling stations are supervised by about 12,000 judges.

In the individual system in the second phase, 2,083 candidates in 70 individual constituencies will compete, while the number of candidates in the list system in the second phase is 284 primary candidates. As for the list system, the Men Agl Masr list will compete with the Independents’ Alliance list over 100 seats in Cairo, South, and Central Delta. In the East Delta, the battle for the 42 seats is primarily between Men Agl Masr and Abnaa Masr lists.

The House of Representatives consists of 284 deputies from the “absolute closed lists”, and 284 independent candidates for a total of 568 elected representatives. The parliament will include 142 women or 25% of the seats. The President of the Republic will appoint 28 deputies, including 7 women or 5% of the parliament. This brings the total number of the House of Representatives to 596.

Preventive and precautionary measures:

The Ministry of Health has dispatched medical teams and ambulances to all electoral headquarters in the second phase governorate committees. This is to work to limit the spread of the Coronavirus (Covid-19).  The state has urged all citizens to adhere to wearing a mask while participating in the second phase elections, as well as adhering to social distancing inside and outside the polling stations.

Electoral Violations:

The organization’s observers detected a set of electoral violations in some of the second phase governorate polling stations, starting from 11:30 in the morning until 3:00 in the morning. These violations are the failure of candidates or their representatives to observe the electoral impartiality issued by the decision of the National Elections Commission, as well as violations of the delay in opening some electoral committees. As for the attendance rate, the polling stations in the second phase witnessed a relatively average attendance rate compared to the participation of citizens in the first round of the House of Representatives elections.

Violations of the election propaganda:

Cairo:

  • The organization detected an election campaign violation in the Zeytoun Valley School polling station in favor of the Al-Shaab Al-Gomhori candidate.
  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation, as a number of candidates in the Mostaqbal Watan Party provided cars to transport voters between the various polling station.
  • The organization observed a violation of voter directives and the distribution of electoral bribes in front of polling stations 6 October Elementary School and Al Zahraa Primary School in Ain Shams for the candidate of the Mostaqbal Watan Party.
  • The organization monitored an electoral campaign violation and electoral bribes in front of the polling station of Imam Muhammad Abdo Preparatory School in Ain Shams district in favor of the candidate of the Mostaqbal Watan Party.
  • The organization detected a violation of distributing electoral bribes in Amr Ibn Al-Aas School in the Old Cairo District for the candidate of the Mostaqbal Watan Party.
  • The organization detected a violation of distributing electoral bribes in favor of one of the candidates in front of the 65. 66. 67 committees in Ibn Rushd Preparatory School in Al-Amiriya.

North Sinai:

  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in the city of Al-Arish in favor of the Mostaqbal Watan candidate, as well as the violation of providing mass transport vehicles for voters in favor of the Mostaqbal Watan Party candidate.

Gharbia:

  • The organization observed a violation of the Salah El-Din School polling station in Al-Mahalla, where cars are used to transport voters in favor of the Mostaqbal Watan candidate, some of them carrying number 4193 AMS.
  • The organization detected an electoral campaign violation in front of the polling station in Tanta District.
  • The organization monitored a violation of transporting voters in a car bearing No. 4193 AMS, and directing voters in favor of a candidate for the Mostaqbal Watan Party in front of the Salah al-Din School polling station in the Mahalla district.
  • The organization detected a propaganda violation, hanging banners, and directing voters to polling station at the Teachers ’School in the Awal Mahalla district in favor of the candidate of the Mostaqbal Watan Party.

Kafr El-Sheikh:

  • The organization observed a violation of providing mass transit vehicles for voters and paying electoral bribes for one of the independent candidates.

Damietta:

  • The organization detected a violation of voter directives in favor of the Shaab Gomhori candidate and the Mostaqbal Watan Party in El-Seyala polling station in Damietta.

Daqahlia:

  • The organization detected an election campaign violation in front of the polling station at the Belqas Center Girls’ Secondary School.
  • The organization detected a violation of directing voters in front of the polling station of the preparatory school for boys, and transferring voters in favor of the candidate of the Mostabal Qatan Party in Belqas district.
  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in front of the polling station and a uniform bearing the name of one of the candidates in the secondary and middle school polling station in Belqas Center.
  • The organization monitored a violation of distributing electoral bribes and buying votes in favor of a Mostaqbal Watan nation’s candidate at polling station 89.90. 91 Ayyad School, Belqas Center.
  • The organization detected a violation of transporting voters in a car bearing No. (5386) DADJ, and directing voters in favor of one of the candidates in the Belqas district.
  • The organization detected a violation of providing cars to transport voters and distributing electoral bribes for one of the candidates of the Mostaqbal Watan Party in the polling station of the Al-Azhar Religious Institute in Belqas.

Sharkiya

  • The organization observed a violation of some candidates in the Al Husseiniya Secondary School for Girls polling station directing the voters in favor of an independent candidate and providing cars to transport the voters.
  • The organization observed a violation near the polling station of the Manashat Bechara Elementary School, whereby cars were provided to transport and direct voters in favor of the candidate of the Mostaqbal Watan Party.
  • The organization monitored a violation of voter transfer and orientation in favor of one of the independent candidates before the Al Hussainiya Preparatory School for Girls polling station.
  • The organization detected a violation of the direction and transport of voters in a car in front of the polling station of the New Primary School in Izbat Al-Tal, Al-Hussainiya

Monofiya:

  • The organization monitored a violation of the mobilization of workers in the correctional factories in Shebin El-Kom to vote in favor of the national list and transporting them to the election headquarters via mass transit vehicles.

Other Violations

Dakahlia:

  • The organization monitored fist clashes between representatives of the candidates in the polling stations in the village of Sharqia Al Maasara. As a result, some individuals were injured.

Voter Turn-out:

Damietta:

  • The organization monitored an average turnout inside the Al-Azhar Institute in the Al-Aasar region in Damietta, on the first days of the Parliament elections in Damietta, when some people flocked to the polling stations. Women were in the lead the first hours there.

North Sinai:

  • The organization monitored the gradual increase in the number of voters in front of the parliamentary elections polling stations in North Sinai, with more participation by women and the elderly.

Menoufia:

  • The organization monitored an average presence of voters in front of the gates of the polling stations in Menoufia Governorate.

Qalyubia:

  • The organization monitored a moderate voter turnout before the House of Representatives election polling stations In Qalyubia

Cairo:

  • The organization monitored the influx of voters arriving at the polling station at Al-Nokrashi Secondary School for Boys in the Hadayek al-Kobba district, to cast their votes in the second phase of the elections to the House of Representatives, and young people of both sexes were the most popular in voting.
  • The organization monitored the continued voter turnout for the 15 May district school polling stations, including “Mustafa Kamel Joint, Saad Zaghloul Secondary Girls School, Ali Mubarak, Ahmed Zewail Experimental”, in the afternoon hours. The elderly women and men dominated the electoral scene from the first hours of the start of the second phase of the House of Representatives election round.

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2nd report: Monitoring the course of the House of Representatives elections 2020 in the second phase (Medium participation rate – along with some violations)

November 7th, 2020 by Editor

The electoral process for the second phase of the House of Representatives elections began on Saturday 7/11/2020 at nine o’clock in the morning. The second phase extends on November 7-8, from nine o’clock in the morning until nine o’clock in the evening. The electoral process for the House of Representatives elections is operating under full judicial supervision.

31 million Egyptian citizens are entitled to cast their electoral vote in the second phase. The National Elections Authority launched the second phase in the 13 governorates: “Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharkia, Damietta , Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, South Sinai. These voters are will vote in 9,468 polling stations to choose 284 deputies in the individual and lists systems. The polling stations are supervised by about 12,000 judges.

In the individual system in the second phase, 2,083 candidates in 70 individual constituencies will compete, while the number of candidates in the list system in the second phase is 284 primary candidates. As for the list system, the Men Agl Masr list will compete with the Independents’ Alliance list over 100 seats in Cairo, South, and Central Delta. In the East Delta, the battle for the 42 seats is primarily between Men Agl Masr and Abnaa Masr lists.

The House of Representatives consists of 284 deputies from the “absolute closed lists”, and 284 independent candidates for a total of 568 elected representatives. The parliament will include 142 women or 25% of the seats. The President of the Republic will appoint 28 deputies, including 7 women or 5% of the parliament. This brings the total number of the House of Representatives to 596.

The following is a statistic of the number of voters and seats in the different governorates of the second phase:

  • Cairo governorate includes 19 electoral districts with 62 available seats for which 433 candidates are competing. 31 of those seats are for independent candidates and 31 are for list-system candidates.
  • Sharkia governorate includes 8 electoral districts with 42 available seats, 21 seats for list-system candidates, 21 seats for independent candidates. 246 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Kafr El Sheikh governorate includes 4 electoral districts with 19 available seats, 9 seats for list-system candidates, 10 seats for independent candidates. 150 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Gharbia governorate includes 7 electoral districts with 30 available seats, 16 seats for list-system candidates, 14 seats for independent candidates. 188 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • El-Monofia governorate includes 6 electoral districts with 24 available seats, 14 seats for list-system candidates, 11 seats for independent candidates. 168 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • El-Dakahlia governorate includes 10 electoral districts with 38 available seats, 17 seats for list-system candidates, 21 seats for independent candidates. 351 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Domyat governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 8 available seats, 4 seats for list-system candidates, 4 seats for independent candidates. 88 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Port Said governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 50 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Qalyobia governorate includes 6 electoral districts with 30 available seats, 14 seats for list-system candidates, 16 seats for independent candidates. 223 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Ismalia governorate includes 3 electoral districts with 9 available seats, 4 seats for list-system candidates, 5 seats for independent candidates. 133 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Suez governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 34 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • North Sinai governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 7 available seats, 5 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 31 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • South Sinai governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 10 candidates will compete for these seats.

Preventive and precautionary measures:

The Ministry of Health has dispatched medical teams and ambulances to all electoral headquarters in the second phase governorate committees. This is to work to limit the spread of the Coronavirus (Covid-19).  The state has urged all citizens to adhere to wearing a mask while participating in the second phase elections, as well as adhering to social distancing inside and outside the polling stations.

Electoral Violations:

The organization’s observers detected a set of electoral violations in some of the second phase governorate polling stations, starting from nine in the morning until eleven in the morning. These violations are the failure of candidates or their representatives to observe the electoral impartiality issued by the decision of the National Elections Commission, as well as violations of the delay in opening some electoral committees. As for the attendance rate, the polling stations in the second phase witnessed a relatively average attendance rate compared to the participation of citizens in the first round of the House of Representatives elections.

Violations of the election propaganda:

Cairo:

  • The organization observed a violation of the Mostaqbal Watan Party carrying out electoral propaganda in front of some polling stations and providing public transport vehicles for voters.
  • The organization monitored electoral advertising violations in front of Al-Andalus Private School in Dar Al-Salam.
  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in the vicinity of the Dar Al-Salam and Al-Basateen polling stations, where there was a presence of headphones and loudspeakers. In addition, a number of candidates’ supporters were directing the voters to cast their votes in the polling stations, and to urge them to elect specific candidates.
  • The organization detected a violation of distributing cash to voters at 100 pounds per vote by the candidate of the Mostaqbal Watan in Shubra al-Khaimah.
  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in favor of the Mostakbal Watan candidate at Umm Al-Abtal School, polling station no. 39, in Ain Shams. In addition, observers were banned from entering the committee.

Suez:

  • The organization monitored a number of election propaganda in front of the polling station in Al-Arbaeen District, Suez Governorate.

North Sinai:

  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in central Al-Arish, which includes 4 polling stations. Some candidates had hired young men and women and had them wear uniforms and work in front of the polling stations to tell voters where the number of their polling station.

Gharbia:

  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in front of the Safeya Zaghloul School polling station in the Mahalla district, in favor of a Mostaqbal Watan candidate and an independent candidate.
  • The organization detected a violation of a voter directive in favor of a Mastaqbal Watan candidate before the polling station in Madynat Al-Omal in the second district in Mahalla district.

Damietta

  • The organization detected a violation of electoral propaganda and voter guidance in the polling station of the Nasr Preparatory School for Boys in Shehabiyeh Square, Damietta Governorate

Daqahlia:

  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in Belqas center in favor of the Men Agl Masr candidate and an independent candidate, as well as a voter transfer violation in front of the Ashraf School.

Violation of late opening some polling stations:

Gharbia:

  • The organization observed a violation of the delay in opening polling stations in Kafr El-Zayyat and Basyoun districts in Gharbia governorate.

Monofiya:

  • The organization monitored the delay in opening polling stations at Sidi Abdel Moneim Primary School in Mitt Khaqan, Shebin El-Kom.
  • The organization monitored the delay in opening 10 polling stations in Ashmoun Center in Menoufia Governorate.

Kafr El-Sheikh:

  • The organization noted that a delay in opening a number of polling stations. They are in the villages: “Belangama, Qouneh, Ashoush, Bakleen, Al Marajeen, Al Hamrawi, Al Shababiah, Barr Bahari, and Souk Al Tuehas in Baltim.”
  • The organization detected a violation of the delay in opening polling station Nos. 62 and 63 at the Kuwaiti Secondary Preparatory Institute Al-Azhari.

Cairo:

  • The organization detected a violation of the delay in opening polling station No. 3, in Al-Gomhoria Primary School in Maadi.

Sharkiya:

  • The organization detected a violation of the delay in opening polling station No. 247, in the Martyr Muhammadi Rajab Al-Husseini School, Zagazig Center in the First district.

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The Course of the Vote in the Second Phase of the Parliamentary Elections

November 7th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights is following the voting process in the second phase of the House of Representatives elections 2020, which started this morning. The second phase includes the following 13 governorates: Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharkia, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, and South Sinai.

The elections for the first round of the second phase for Egyptians living abroad were held on November 4, 5, and 6, and extended on November 7 and 8 inside the country. The results of the second phase elections will be announced no later than November 15, 2020.

The run-off round for the unresolved seats in the second phase will take place on December 7-8 inside the republic and on December 5-6-7 abroad. The final results of the elections will be announced, no later than December 14, 2020.

In the list system for the second phase, elections are held in the first district, which is located in the Cairo Sector, South and Central Delta Department, which is located at the Cairo Security Directorate, and includes 6 governorates (Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh). 100 seats have been allocated to the list system in the second phase in these districts. The East Delta Sector Department, located in the Sharqia Security Directorate, includes 7 governorates (Sharkia, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, South. Sinai), and has been allocated 42 seats.

The departments of the governorates of the second phase are divided as follows:

  • Cairo governorate includes 19 electoral districts with 62 available seats for which 433 candidates are competing. 31 of those seats are for independent candidates and 31 are for list-system candidates.
  • Sharkia governorate includes 8 electoral districts with 42 available seats, 21 seats for list-system candidates, 21 seats for independent candidates. 246 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Kafr El Sheikh governorate includes 4 electoral districts with 19 available seats, 9 seats for list-system candidates, 10 seats for independent candidates. 150 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Gharbia governorate includes 7 electoral districts with 30 available seats, 16 seats for list-system candidates, 14 seats for independent candidates. 188 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • El-Monofia governorate includes 6 electoral districts with 24 available seats, 14 seats for list-system candidates, 11 seats for independent candidates. 168 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • El-Dakahlia governorate includes 10 electoral districts with 38 available seats, 17 seats for list-system candidates, 21 seats for independent candidates. 351 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Domyat governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 8 available seats, 4 seats for list-system candidates, 4 seats for independent candidates. 88 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Port Said governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 50 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Qalyobia governorate includes 6 electoral districts with 30 available seats, 14 seats for list-system candidates, 16 seats for independent candidates. 223 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Ismalia governorate includes 3 electoral districts with 9 available seats, 4 seats for list-system candidates, 5 seats for independent candidates. 133 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Suez governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 34 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • North Sinai governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 7 available seats, 5 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 31 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • South Sinai governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 10 candidates will compete for these seats.

The elections to the House of Representatives are held under the full supervision of the National Elections Authority, and the commission shall impose the necessary health measures and conditions To deal with the (Covid-19) epidemic. The committee issued 24 decisions (Resolutions 52 – 74 of 2020), starting with the decision to invite voters last September 10, and decisions 61/2020 to follow up the conduct of the elections, 64/2020 regarding propaganda controls, and 65/2020 to form a committee to monitor irregularities, and 66/2020 commissioned experts of the Ministry of Justice to review the electoral campaign accounts.

The committee uses the judiciary to supervise the electoral process in both the general and subsidiary polling stations. About 300,000 security forces from the police force, backed by some formations of the armed forces, participate in securing the electoral process.

The elections combine the list and individual systems at 50 percent each, which constitutes an important development in terms of raising the percentage of the list seats from 100 to 284 seats distributed in four geographical constituencies according to the relative distribution of the population. The seats in the single system were significantly reduced from 468 seats to 284, and the number of parties is more than 100.

The greatest development was the enhancement of the participation rate of women to obtain a 25 percent quota of seats as a minimum, in addition to quotas allocated to the groups most in need of care to ensure their representation in the Council (workers and farmers, people with disabilities, Egyptians living abroad, Christians). The President of the Republic may appoint 5 percent of the seats, up to a maximum of 28 seats, increasing the number of seats in the parliament from 568 to 596 seats.

1,136 candidates are competing for the 284 seats in the list system within the following four lists: Men Agl Masr list which includes 12 parties competing in four districts, Nidaa Masr list competing in Upper Egypt and West Delta districts, Abnaa Masr list which includes 7 parties and is competing in the East Delta district, the Independents’ Alliance which includes parties competing in Cairo, South Delta and Central Delta districts. At the same time, 3,964 candidates will compete for the 284 seats in the individual seat system. 3,096 of the candidates are independent while 868 are affiliated with a party.

The number of female candidates on the lists is 607 (331 main candidates – 276 alternate candidates). There are only 346 female candidates for individual seats, of whom 35 represent 17 political parties, and 309 are independent.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights participates in monitoring the course of the second phase of the House of Representatives elections in (9) governorates, with a total of nearly (400) observers.

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Report: EOHR Statistical Report of the First Round of the 2020 Parliament Elections

November 4th, 2020 by Editor


The electoral process was a test for the democratic potential of the state, the parties, and citizens, the integrity of which is based on two principles. The first is the judiciary and the second is the neutral and independent observation and societal monitoring of those elections, as this contributes to the development and transparency of the elections. These conditions help improve the electoral process.

Every Egyptian citizen has the right to obtain information to follow the electoral process. In addition, citizens should be aware of their national duties. These duties include not obstructing the electoral process, which ultimately leads to the consolidation of democratic concepts and the increase of national sentiments through the active role that he plays in that process. The most important thing in the electoral process is its results, for which the Egyptian organization authors this report.

The electoral process for the first phase of the House of Representatives elections took place on 24-25 October 2020. The electoral process took place under full judicial supervision of 1,200 judges who participated in the elections, with an emphasis from advisors on the precautionary measures and following the administrative procedures set by the National Elections Authority.

The National Elections Authority limited the first phase to 14 governorates: Giza, Fayoum, Beni Suef, Minya, Assiut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan, the Red Sea, Alexandria, Beheira, Matrouh. These voters presented before 10240 polling stations to choose 284 parliamentary members in the individual and lists systems. Each polling station was supervised by a judge. The National Elections Authority received 248 grievances regarding the election results before the results were officially announced.

Only 4 governorates succeeded in settling the electoral count in the first round, namely Giza, Fayoum, the Red Sea, and Alexandria. 10 other governorates will participate in the run-off round of the elections in Assiut, Beni Suef, Beheira, Minya, Sohag, Qena, Aswan, Matrouh, Luxor, and the New Valley.

The next House of Representatives will consist of 284 members of parliament from the “absolute closed lists”, and 284 independent candidates with a total of 568 elected representatives. The House of Representatives will include 142 women making up 25% of the representatives. The President of the Republic will appoint 28 deputies, including 7 women, which makes up 5% of the parliament. This brings the total number of members of Parliament to 596.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights monitored the results of the first round of the 2020 parliament elections, and the following are the most prominent of those results.

First: An initial reading of the results of the first round:

33 million and 472 thousand Egyptian citizens are entitled to cast their electoral vote in the first stage, of whom 9 million and 69 thousand participated in the elections. As such the participation rate stands at 28.06%, the official participation rate announced by the National Authority. One million votes were invalid. The following diagram demonstrates this information:

The National Elections Authority announced the winners of the first round of the House of Representatives 2020 elections. Under the list system, 568 primary and reserve candidates competed on two electoral lists, the “Nidaa Masr” list and the “National List for Egypt”.

The National List for Egypt won 142 seats after winning the first round, after obtaining approximately 89.3% of the total number of valid votes. While 32 candidates succeeded in winning and resolving the electoral dispute from the first round in the individual system, the following table shows the total seats, candidates, and winners of the individual system:

Number of Seats Number of Governorates Number of District Circles Competitors Winners Independent Mostakbal Watan Al-Shaab Al-Gomhori
142 14 71 1861 32 3 25 4

(Source: The High Elections Authority)

Second: No. of Women in the first round:

Nashwa al-Deeb was the only women who succeed in Imbaba district, Giza, out of a total of 32 who succeeded in the first round. Which represents 3.1% for women, and 96.9% for men. While While 6 women go to the run-off round of the elections (4 in Alexandria and 2 in Beheira) as shown in the following figure:

Third: Governorates of the run-off round of the elections and number of the competiing seats:

While the run-off round of the elections is taking place in light of intense competition for 110 seats, the run-off elections are being held in 14 governorates. As shown in the following table:

Governorates: Giza Fayoum Bany Suef Menya Assute Wadi El Gaded Suhag Qena Luxor
No. of competitors 4 14 16 30 24 4 26 18 6
Aswan Alexandria Bahera Marsa Matrouh
10 26 4 4

While 220 independent candidates, 86 candidates for the Future Nation Party, and 19 candidates from the Republican people, including 6 women are competing, the following figures  shows  approximate percentages:

It is scheduled to hold a run-off round of the elections during the month of November 2020, and for Egyptians  abroad the round will take place on Saturdays, Sundays, and Mondays 21, 22 and 23, while inside Egypt it will take place on Monday and Tuesday 23 and 24.

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