Report: EOHR Statistical Report of the First Round of the 2020 Parliament Elections

November 4th, 2020 by Editor

The electoral process was a test for the democratic potential of the state, the parties, and citizens, the integrity of which is based on two principles. The first is the judiciary and the second is the neutral and independent observation and societal monitoring of those elections, as this contributes to the development and transparency of the elections. These conditions help improve the electoral process.

Every Egyptian citizen has the right to obtain information to follow the electoral process. In addition, citizens should be aware of their national duties. These duties include not obstructing the electoral process, which ultimately leads to the consolidation of democratic concepts and the increase of national sentiments through the active role that he plays in that process. The most important thing in the electoral process is its results, for which the Egyptian organization authors this report.

The electoral process for the first phase of the House of Representatives elections took place on 24-25 October 2020. The electoral process took place under full judicial supervision of 1,200 judges who participated in the elections, with an emphasis from advisors on the precautionary measures and following the administrative procedures set by the National Elections Authority.

The National Elections Authority limited the first phase to 14 governorates: Giza, Fayoum, Beni Suef, Minya, Assiut, New Valley, Sohag, Qena, Luxor, Aswan, the Red Sea, Alexandria, Beheira, Matrouh. These voters presented before 10240 polling stations to choose 284 parliamentary members in the individual and lists systems. Each polling station was supervised by a judge. The National Elections Authority received 248 grievances regarding the election results before the results were officially announced.

Only 4 governorates succeeded in settling the electoral count in the first round, namely Giza, Fayoum, the Red Sea, and Alexandria. 10 other governorates will participate in the run-off round of the elections in Assiut, Beni Suef, Beheira, Minya, Sohag, Qena, Aswan, Matrouh, Luxor, and the New Valley.

The next House of Representatives will consist of 284 members of parliament from the “absolute closed lists”, and 284 independent candidates with a total of 568 elected representatives. The House of Representatives will include 142 women making up 25% of the representatives. The President of the Republic will appoint 28 deputies, including 7 women, which makes up 5% of the parliament. This brings the total number of members of Parliament to 596.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights monitored the results of the first round of the 2020 parliament elections, and the following are the most prominent of those results.

First: An initial reading of the results of the first round:

33 million and 472 thousand Egyptian citizens are entitled to cast their electoral vote in the first stage, of whom 9 million and 69 thousand participated in the elections. As such the participation rate stands at 28.06%, the official participation rate announced by the National Authority. One million votes were invalid. The following diagram demonstrates this information:

The National Elections Authority announced the winners of the first round of the House of Representatives 2020 elections. Under the list system, 568 primary and reserve candidates competed on two electoral lists, the “Nidaa Masr” list and the “National List for Egypt”.

The National List for Egypt won 142 seats after winning the first round, after obtaining approximately 89.3% of the total number of valid votes. While 32 candidates succeeded in winning and resolving the electoral dispute from the first round in the individual system, the following table shows the total seats, candidates, and winners of the individual system:

Number of Seats Number of Governorates Number of District Circles Competitors Winners Independent Mostakbal Watan Al-Shaab Al-Gomhori
142 14 71 1861 32 3 25 4

(Source: The High Elections Authority)

Second: No. of Women in the first round:

Nashwa al-Deeb was the only women who succeed in Imbaba district, Giza, out of a total of 32 who succeeded in the first round. Which represents 3.1% for women, and 96.9% for men. While While 6 women go to the run-off round of the elections (4 in Alexandria and 2 in Beheira) as shown in the following figure:

Third: Governorates of the run-off round of the elections and number of the competiing seats:

While the run-off round of the elections is taking place in light of intense competition for 110 seats, the run-off elections are being held in 14 governorates. As shown in the following table:

Governorates: Giza Fayoum Bany Suef Menya Assute Wadi El Gaded Suhag Qena Luxor
No. of competitors 4 14 16 30 24 4 26 18 6
Aswan Alexandria Bahera Marsa Matrouh
10 26 4 4

While 220 independent candidates, 86 candidates for the Future Nation Party, and 19 candidates from the Republican people, including 6 women are competing, the following figures  shows  approximate percentages:

It is scheduled to hold a run-off round of the elections during the month of November 2020, and for Egyptians  abroad the round will take place on Saturdays, Sundays, and Mondays 21, 22 and 23, while inside Egypt it will take place on Monday and Tuesday 23 and 24.

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