2nd report: Monitoring the course of the House of Representatives elections 2020 in the second phase (Medium participation rate – along with some violations)

November 7th, 2020 by Editor

The electoral process for the second phase of the House of Representatives elections began on Saturday 7/11/2020 at nine o’clock in the morning. The second phase extends on November 7-8, from nine o’clock in the morning until nine o’clock in the evening. The electoral process for the House of Representatives elections is operating under full judicial supervision.

31 million Egyptian citizens are entitled to cast their electoral vote in the second phase. The National Elections Authority launched the second phase in the 13 governorates: “Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharkia, Damietta , Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, South Sinai. These voters are will vote in 9,468 polling stations to choose 284 deputies in the individual and lists systems. The polling stations are supervised by about 12,000 judges.

In the individual system in the second phase, 2,083 candidates in 70 individual constituencies will compete, while the number of candidates in the list system in the second phase is 284 primary candidates. As for the list system, the Men Agl Masr list will compete with the Independents’ Alliance list over 100 seats in Cairo, South, and Central Delta. In the East Delta, the battle for the 42 seats is primarily between Men Agl Masr and Abnaa Masr lists.

The House of Representatives consists of 284 deputies from the “absolute closed lists”, and 284 independent candidates for a total of 568 elected representatives. The parliament will include 142 women or 25% of the seats. The President of the Republic will appoint 28 deputies, including 7 women or 5% of the parliament. This brings the total number of the House of Representatives to 596.

The following is a statistic of the number of voters and seats in the different governorates of the second phase:

  • Cairo governorate includes 19 electoral districts with 62 available seats for which 433 candidates are competing. 31 of those seats are for independent candidates and 31 are for list-system candidates.
  • Sharkia governorate includes 8 electoral districts with 42 available seats, 21 seats for list-system candidates, 21 seats for independent candidates. 246 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Kafr El Sheikh governorate includes 4 electoral districts with 19 available seats, 9 seats for list-system candidates, 10 seats for independent candidates. 150 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Gharbia governorate includes 7 electoral districts with 30 available seats, 16 seats for list-system candidates, 14 seats for independent candidates. 188 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • El-Monofia governorate includes 6 electoral districts with 24 available seats, 14 seats for list-system candidates, 11 seats for independent candidates. 168 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • El-Dakahlia governorate includes 10 electoral districts with 38 available seats, 17 seats for list-system candidates, 21 seats for independent candidates. 351 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Domyat governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 8 available seats, 4 seats for list-system candidates, 4 seats for independent candidates. 88 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Port Said governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 50 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Qalyobia governorate includes 6 electoral districts with 30 available seats, 14 seats for list-system candidates, 16 seats for independent candidates. 223 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Ismalia governorate includes 3 electoral districts with 9 available seats, 4 seats for list-system candidates, 5 seats for independent candidates. 133 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • Suez governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 34 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • North Sinai governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 7 available seats, 5 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 31 candidates will compete for these seats.
  • South Sinai governorate includes 2 electoral districts with 4 available seats, 2 seats for list-system candidates, 2 seats for independent candidates. 10 candidates will compete for these seats.

Preventive and precautionary measures:

The Ministry of Health has dispatched medical teams and ambulances to all electoral headquarters in the second phase governorate committees. This is to work to limit the spread of the Coronavirus (Covid-19).  The state has urged all citizens to adhere to wearing a mask while participating in the second phase elections, as well as adhering to social distancing inside and outside the polling stations.

Electoral Violations:

The organization’s observers detected a set of electoral violations in some of the second phase governorate polling stations, starting from nine in the morning until eleven in the morning. These violations are the failure of candidates or their representatives to observe the electoral impartiality issued by the decision of the National Elections Commission, as well as violations of the delay in opening some electoral committees. As for the attendance rate, the polling stations in the second phase witnessed a relatively average attendance rate compared to the participation of citizens in the first round of the House of Representatives elections.

Violations of the election propaganda:

Cairo:

  • The organization observed a violation of the Mostaqbal Watan Party carrying out electoral propaganda in front of some polling stations and providing public transport vehicles for voters.
  • The organization monitored electoral advertising violations in front of Al-Andalus Private School in Dar Al-Salam.
  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in the vicinity of the Dar Al-Salam and Al-Basateen polling stations, where there was a presence of headphones and loudspeakers. In addition, a number of candidates’ supporters were directing the voters to cast their votes in the polling stations, and to urge them to elect specific candidates.
  • The organization detected a violation of distributing cash to voters at 100 pounds per vote by the candidate of the Mostaqbal Watan in Shubra al-Khaimah.
  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in favor of the Mostakbal Watan candidate at Umm Al-Abtal School, polling station no. 39, in Ain Shams. In addition, observers were banned from entering the committee.

Suez:

  • The organization monitored a number of election propaganda in front of the polling station in Al-Arbaeen District, Suez Governorate.

North Sinai:

  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in central Al-Arish, which includes 4 polling stations. Some candidates had hired young men and women and had them wear uniforms and work in front of the polling stations to tell voters where the number of their polling station.

Gharbia:

  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in front of the Safeya Zaghloul School polling station in the Mahalla district, in favor of a Mostaqbal Watan candidate and an independent candidate.
  • The organization detected a violation of a voter directive in favor of a Mastaqbal Watan candidate before the polling station in Madynat Al-Omal in the second district in Mahalla district.

Damietta

  • The organization detected a violation of electoral propaganda and voter guidance in the polling station of the Nasr Preparatory School for Boys in Shehabiyeh Square, Damietta Governorate

Daqahlia:

  • The organization detected an electoral propaganda violation in Belqas center in favor of the Men Agl Masr candidate and an independent candidate, as well as a voter transfer violation in front of the Ashraf School.

Violation of late opening some polling stations:

Gharbia:

  • The organization observed a violation of the delay in opening polling stations in Kafr El-Zayyat and Basyoun districts in Gharbia governorate.

Monofiya:

  • The organization monitored the delay in opening polling stations at Sidi Abdel Moneim Primary School in Mitt Khaqan, Shebin El-Kom.
  • The organization monitored the delay in opening 10 polling stations in Ashmoun Center in Menoufia Governorate.

Kafr El-Sheikh:

  • The organization noted that a delay in opening a number of polling stations. They are in the villages: “Belangama, Qouneh, Ashoush, Bakleen, Al Marajeen, Al Hamrawi, Al Shababiah, Barr Bahari, and Souk Al Tuehas in Baltim.”
  • The organization detected a violation of the delay in opening polling station Nos. 62 and 63 at the Kuwaiti Secondary Preparatory Institute Al-Azhari.

Cairo:

  • The organization detected a violation of the delay in opening polling station No. 3, in Al-Gomhoria Primary School in Maadi.

Sharkiya:

  • The organization detected a violation of the delay in opening polling station No. 247, in the Martyr Muhammadi Rajab Al-Husseini School, Zagazig Center in the First district.

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