Following up on the 2nd day of the House of Representatives elections in the second phase: Statistics on electoral violations

November 9th, 2020 by Editor

(Statistics on electoral violations)

The National Elections Authority headed by Counselor Lashin Ibrahim – Vice President of the Court of Cassation – announced the end of the second phase of the Egyptians voting in the 2020 House of Representatives elections. The elections took place on November 7 and 8, and now  the start of the vote-counting process will begin. The second phase of the elections took place in 13 governorates, which include Cairo, Qalyubia, Dakahlia, Menoufia, Gharbia, Kafr El Sheikh, Sharkia, Damietta, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, North Sinai, and South Sinai. About 31 million Egyptian citizens cast their votes in the second phase, in 9,468 polling stations to elect 284 deputies in the individual and lists systems. The elections were supervised by about 12,000 judges.

In the second stage, about 2,083 candidates competed in 70 individual constituencies, as well as about 284 main candidates in the list system. The competition in the list system was between the Men Agl Masr List and the Independents Alliance list in the Cairo district, South and Central Delta district for 100 seats. Men Agl Masr list and Abnaa Masr list competed in the district of the East Delta sector for 42 seats.

After the end of the last day of voting and allowing the last voter present inside the electoral campus to cast his vote, the votes are counted within the subsidiary polling stations, and the results will be announced then sent to the general polling station which in turn reviews the papers and then announces the numerical count for each general polling station.

The results of the second phase shall be announced no later than November 15. In the event of the run-offs for the second phase, campaigning will resume from November 16 to December 2 when candidates will be required to stop all campaigning efforts. The final election result will be announced on December 14th.

In conjunction with the closure of the electoral commissions’ doors, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) closely followed its correspondents in the governorates, and in contact with the organization’s operations room, the course of the second phase of the House of Representatives elections 2020 on 7 and 8 November. The organization detected a set of violations, ranging from electoral bribes, the presence of candidate’s representatives directing voters, the distribution of vouchers and foodstuff.

With regard to adherence to the precautionary and administrative measures set by the National Elections Authority for the safety of voters, outside the polling stations witnessed a moderate commitment by the voters with regard to the instructions of the Egyptian Ministry of Health preventive measures of COVID19, while inside the polling stations, the judges, and supervisors stressed on the importance of the preventative measures. Regarding the rate of voter’s turnout, the first day witnessed a moderate turnout, while the first half of the second day witnessed an average turnout that gradually increased in the last quarter of the second day, and women took the lead in the electoral scene.

This report includes the violations that were monitored by the organization, which actually did not affect the electoral process, as all the detected violations were concentrated outside the polling stations and not inside it. Most violations were centered around candidates and their followers directing the voters and exploiting them financially by paying bribes, and influencing them psychologically by directing them through the banners to vote for a specific candidate, while inside the polling stations witnessed a state of discipline, commitment and emphasis by the judges to comply and abide by the instructions of the Commission With regard to the electoral process and voting procedures within the committees.

Electoral Violations:

The Egyptian Organization has detected a number of violations that have been documented in this report as well as in previous reports. This final report documents violations detected from 4 pm to 9 pm. Most of the violations included the exercise of some kind of direction in favor of a particular candidate in front of the polling stations, the presence of electoral propaganda in violation of the decisions of the National Elections Commission, as well as the distribution of cartons and cash by some parties to the voters. Voter turnout varied from one polling station to another. While the turnout was weak in some polling stations, while the number of voters increased on the second day of elections.

Electoral Violations Statistics

  • The organization detected a number of propaganda violations, whereby followers of candidates hung banners in front of the polling stations in order to influence voters to cast their votes for a particular candidate.
  • The organization detected a number of violations of the provision of collective transportation for voters (taxis & tok-toks) to and from the polling stations in order to vote for a candidate.
  • The organization detected a number of electoral bribes. The price of a vote ranging from 50 pounds to 200 pounds per vote in some polling stations.
  • The organization monitored a number of altercations between some supporters of the Men Agl Masr list and the supporters of the Independents List as they objected to the distribution of electoral bribes in favor of the Mostaqbal Watan Party.
  • The organization monitored a number of violations of the distribution of gifts from and propaganda through loudspeakers in the streets for citizens to come out and vote for the national list.
  • The organization detected a number of violations of the delay in opening the polling stations on the first day. Some polling stations were closed for a period of approximately 4 hours, which led to the anger of some citizens who wanted to cast their votes.

The most prominent governorates that witnessed violations:

  • The organization monitored electoral campaign violations in the governorates of Menoufia, Suez, Kafr El Sheikh, Gharbia, Dakahlia, Cairo and North Sinai.
  • The organization detected a violation of transferring and directing voters in the governorates of Sharkia, Damietta, Gharbia, Cairo, Kafr El Sheikh.
  • The organization detected a violation of the distribution of electoral bribes in the governorates of Dakahlia, Sharkia, Damietta, Cairo, North Sinai, Gharbia, and Suez.
  • The organization observed a violation of closing polling stations in Sharkia governorate.

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