Archive for the 'Secretary General’s Articles' Category

The Egyptian Organisation for Human Rights’ Campaign against Bullying

October 4th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organisation for Human Rights launches its campaign against bullying, asking the public prosecutor to take all the possible and decisive measures to face the bullying crimes and to work to reduce the spread of that hateful phenomenon. which is threatening the values and principles on which society is based. as it’s considered to be an obstacle to the right to live a safe and dignified life free from any manifestations of violence and hatred.

As bullying is a form of abuse and victimization directed by an individual or group towards another individual or group that is weaker (often physically). Bullying is a repetitive act over time that involves an imbalance (may be real or perceived) in the balance of power with respect to the child with the greatest strength or with respect to a group attacking another group of lesser strength. Bullying usually takes different forms. It may be verbal, physical, or even gestures, and bullying can be through actual harassment, physical assault, or other methods of coercion.

The campaign has been launched in conjunction with the frequent and rapid perpetration of numerous bullying crimes, The organization monitored (15) cases of bullying in the recent period, the most recent of which was the exploitation of two children under five years old by a woman. She made them forcibly serving her, exploiting their weakness, with the intent to put them at the site of ridicule and bullying against them, endangering their health and their lives, and thus violating family principles and values in Egyptian society, violating the sanctity of their private life, and using a private account on a social networking site to commit these crimes.

The Public Prosecution statement stated that the Monitoring and Analysis Unit in the Statement Department at the Public Prosecutor’s Office had monitored the circulation of video clips of the two children during which the voice of a woman was heard ordering one of them to wash her feet, and to wash his face with the water that she puts her feet in, and order the other to smoke a cigarette, mocking them during filming, and presenting the matter to The Public Prosecutor ordered the investigation into the incident.

The Public Prosecutor recently referred approximately (18) cases of bullying for investigation, to prevent such crime that violates the right of human dignity.

The organization believes that bullying is contrary to all international conventions and treaties that call for refuting all forms of discrimination, combating violence and achieving justice and social peace in society, the most important of which is what was stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in its first article: “All people are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience, and they must treat each other in a spirit of brotherhood. ”This is in addition to what was stated in the provisions of the Egyptian constitution in Article 52 of it:“ Dignity is a right for every human being, and it is not permissible to violate it, and the state is obligated to respect and protect it. ”

In addition, the House of Representatives, headed by Dr. Ali Abdel-All – willing to confront the crimes of bullying – approved the draft law submitted by the government to amend some provisions of the penal code as a whole. The draft law was consistent with the provisions of the constitution, especially Articles (8, 53, 80, 81) from it, and it also comes in line with the international conventions that Egypt has acceded to regarding achieving equality, especially the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The first article of the draft law stipulated that: “The article included adding a new article to the Penal Code No. (309 bis“ b), which provided a definition of bullying as the offender demonstrated his power or control, or his exploitation of the victim’s weakness, or a situation that the perpetrator believes is offensive to the victim, such as sex. Or race, religion, physical descriptions, health status, mental status, or social level, with the intention of intimidating him, or putting him into a mockery, demeaning him or excluding him from his surroundings, and the purpose of the last intention is to confront the conditions of the victim’s marginalization or lack of promotion in their work.

The added article determines the punishment that is to be imposed if the crime of bullying is committed, while increasing it if one of the two circumstances is present. One of them is the occurrence of the crime by two or more persons, and the other is if the perpetrator is one of the assets of the victim, or one of those responsible for his upbringing or observation, or someone who has authority over him or was recognized by the law or according to a court ruling, or he was a servant of the perpetrator, with doubling the minimum penalty when meeting The two circumstances, and in the case of recidivism, the penalty is doubled in its minimum and maximum limits.

As for the second article, it stipulated that the law should be published in the official gazette, and it will be enforced from the day following the date of its publication.

Campaign Mechanisms:

  1. The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights will receive complaints of bullying crimes and analyze them to verify their facts.
  2. The organization will submit these complaints to the Public Prosecutor; In order to investigate them and take the necessary measures to adjudicate them.
  3. The organization will provide legal and psychological assistance to victims of bullying crimes, and provide the necessary support to work to overcome it.

For his part, Dr. Hafez Abu Saada – President of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights – stressed that bullying is a gross violation of a human right, and a legal and legislative environment must be prepared for the necessity of investigating bullying crimes and punishing the perpetrators of these crimes. This is to limit its spread as a pest that affects society as a whole.

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The statement of the Egyptain organization for human rights on the incident of Al Awamaya (Luxor)

October 1st, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights expresses its deep concern about the received information regarding the incident that took place in Alawamaya area in luxor governorate on the 1st of October 2020, the incident started following a security raid on the backdrop of the call for demonstrations in September. The incident took place as the security forces were arresting a young man from his home, and as a result fights broke out between the young man’s family and the officers in charge which resulted in a death of a man.
The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights calls on the Public Prosecutor to urgently start investigating into this incident as soon as possible and to take the suitable acts against those who are found guilty, In order for this incident to stand as an example to anyone who might think of violating the right to life of any Egyptian citizen. The organization also stress that this incident represents a serious violation to human rights in Egypt.
For his part, Hafez Abu seada, the head of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, stressed the need for announcing the results of the investigation to the public as soon as possible and the need for those who are found guilty to be brought to a fair trial in order to strengthen the rule of law and institutions and to ensure that the state’s policies are shifting towards more rights and freedoms.

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The Administrative Judiciary Court postpones the appeal of stopping the National Election authority’s decision to call voters to the House of Representatives elections.

September 30th, 2020 by Editor

The Administrative Judiciary Court headed by Counselor Sami Abdel Hamid, Vice President of the State Council, decided to postpone the hearing of the case No. 56183 to suspend the decision of the National Elections authority to invite voters to the elections of the House of Representatives 2021 for tomorrow’s session.
Former parliamentarian Muhammad Anwar Esmat Al-Sadat filed the case, demanding the suspension of the House of Representatives elections, then he amended his request in the case sheet to demand his eligiblity to run for the House of Representatives elections 2021, and obligating the National Elections authority to accept his candidacy papers.
The text of the lawsuit came, to cancel the decision to open the door for candidacy dated September 12, 2020, based on the fact that Article 106 of the Egyptian Constitution promulgated in 2014 and amended in 2019 stipulates that “the term of membership of the House of Representatives is 5 years starting from the date of its first meeting, and the elections for the new Council are held during the 60 Days prior to the end of its term ».
Thus the calls for elections should have started next November and not this September, which caused the decision to become unconstitutional and thus violating the law.
However, Counselor Lashin Ibrahim, head of the National Elections Authority and Vice President of the Court of Cassation, denied that a court ruling had been issued by the Administrative Court to postpone the next House of Representatives elections to next November.

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A symposium on the role of civil society in addressing the crisis of the Ethiopian dam

September 22nd, 2020 by Editor

In partnership between the Arab Organization for Human Rights and the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, an electronic symposium on “The Ethiopian Dam Crisis … and the Role of Civil Society” was held on Sunday noon, September 27, 2020.

With the aim of finding ways to deal with the escalating crisis, to search for exits, and to undertake civil society institutions with their moral responsibilities in promoting peace and development.

The symposium was chaired by Dr. Hafez Abu Saada -President of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights- in partnership with Professor. Alaa Shalaby -President of the Arab Organization for Human Rights- and a number of Arab and African individuals participated in the symposium.

The symposium resulted in reaching a number of recommendations, the most important of which are:

  1. Emphasizing the importance of the role of civil society in the three countries; To overcome the current faltering and rationalize the performance of governments; To de-escalate tension and support an agreement that responds to the rules of international law.
  2. Emphasizing the importance of the Egyptian civil society initiative to open a dialogue with civil society in both Ethiopia and Sudan. With the aim of reaching a joint initiative to promote peace, coexistence and good neighborliness.
  3. Emphasizing the importance of engaging Arab and African civil society; To support the efforts of civil society in the three countries.
  4. The issue is so of a great importance that it affects the fate of 270 million people in the three countries, and the responsibilities must be equal to this level of importance and danger.
  5. The importance of benefiting from similar global experiences, and lessons learned from these experiences; To avoid the negative experiences, such as the experience of the Turkish dams against the people of Syria and Iraq.
  6. The need for a joint Arab strategy to face water-related risks, especially in light of the Israeli seizure of Arab waters, the impact of Turkish dams, and the dangers of the Ethiopian dam.
  7. The move must be towards the protection of inalienable legal rights under international law, and that the legacy of legal obligations must be respected according to the Vienna Convention.
  8. Reaching an agreement means establishing a binding agreement on conflict issues that entails clear legal obligations.
  9. Going to the UN Security Council may be a necessity during the coming period, given that the dispute affects international peace and security and the right of peoples to life, safe living and development.
  10. Priority must be given to establishing a peaceful legal solution, and to exclude anything that would fuel hostility between peoples.
  11. Adhering to the principle of availability of information and transparency among the parties is an essential way to reach a sustainable treatment.
  12. The importance of realizing the risks related to geology and their effects on the structural integrity of the dam and the risks that could threaten the security of the population in eastern and northern Sudan and southern Egypt.
  13. Emphasizing the importance of partnership between the three countries in managing water resources; To meet the considerations and purposes of development of the peoples of the three countries.

The right to common development and the promotion of peace must be the primary purpose of the three nations, in what remains of a short period; To reach an appropriate settlement

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Civil Society and The Renaissance Crisis Seminar – September 2020

September 22nd, 2020 by Editor

In light of the increasing water challenges to the human right to economic development and a decent life, especially with the exacerbation of the Renaissance Dam crisis, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, in cooperation with the Arab Organization for Human Rights, is going to hold a seminar titled “Civil Society and the Renaissance Dam Crisis,” at 12 PM Sunday 27 September 2020. The participations are a number of Arab, African and media experts via (Zoom application).

The major topics we will cover :

1- Raising the local and international public awareness of the crisis and its risks.

2- Formulating a vision based on international human rights law.

3- Enhancing civil society efforts in the three countries to support the handling of the crisis and the prevention of its risks.

4-  Reaching the various crisis tracks and suggesting practical measures for the parties concerned.

The seminar will be chaired by d. Hafez Abu Saada – President of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights.

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For Participation, please contact the (WhatsApp) for the following numbers: (01280006780)-(01002226341).

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The Egyptian organization issues a report Entitled (Elections Under the Corona Pandemic)

September 21st, 2020 by Editor

Today, Monday, September 21, 2020, the Egyptian Organization for Human
Rights (EOHR) issued a report entitled “Elections Under the Corona Pandemic”
documenting the results from monitoring the senate elections. The
introduction of the report notes the importance of hosting ree and fair
elections, as it is an important pillar of the democratic process.
Civil society organizations, including the EOHR, attach importance to election
monitoring of all violations uring the electoral process. Organizations like EOHR
are not aligned with any political activity, political party, or electoral candidate.
Rather, the EOHR strictly monitors elections to ensure that they are free and
fair and ensures that both the ruling party and the opposition parties abide by
the constitution, the laws, and the international standard for human rights. As
such, the EOHR’s role in monitoring elections is not considered political work,
but is non-partisan legal work and is one of its core activities.
The EOHR’s report, “Elections Under the Corona Pandemic” documents the
election monitoring operation for the senate elections. The report is divided
into the following sections:
First: The legislative environment for the Senate elections.
Second: Provisions for voting by mail and ensuring the anonymity of voters
from Egyptians living abroad.
Third: Judicial oversight of the elections.
Forth: The division of the electoral stations and health guarantees under
corona.
Fifth: Analysis of voter demographics
Sixth: Organizing electoral monitoring locally and internationally
Seventh: Analysis of data on electoral stations
Eighth: The votes
The report ended with the following recommendations:
A fair analysis of the senate elections calls for examining several positive points
as well as points of weakness. The purpose of this analysis is not to point out
flaws, but rather to warn of repeated violations. Within this context, the
organization is calling for a set of recommendations, which came mainly as a
result of the organization’s involvement in monitoring work over the past
years.

  1. Promoting the idea of political participation among the various segments
    of citizens is essential. Seeing participation as one of the main pillars on
    which democracy is based, it is important to intensify political awareness
    programs for citizens by organizing seminars, discussion sessions, or
    allocating television programs with the same goal.
  2. It is crucial to introduce the procedures for casting a vote, as it was
    apparent that voters had a limited understanding of the voting process.
    There were two separate papers and two separate voting systems, and
    this led to several invalid votes.
  3. Benefiting from digital technology in the election of Egyptian abroad
    through
  • Registration
  • View candidates profiles and CVs especially in the Plurality voting
    system
  • Voting through the mail without reaching the diplomatic mission’s
    headquarters
  1. The Important role of mass media in raising awareness and motivating
    people to participate as it is a right and a national duty for everyone who
    meets the conditions for political participation.
  2. Senate elections is a vital constitutional entitlement as citizens should
    have a general awareness of its role and the importance of participation.
    Citizens must have wide knowledge of the functions and specialization of
    this council and its potential impact in Egypt

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The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights welcomes the appointment of an Egyptian ambassador as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee

September 20th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights welcomes the appointment of Ambassador Wafaa Basim as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee. The Human Rights Committee is the entrusted body for the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (OHCHR). This committee is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the covenant and its different provisions in the signatory parties. Each of the signatory parties to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights must submit a quarterly report to the committee.

The appointment of Ambassador Wafaa Basim to the Human Rights Committee is a positive move. Her years of experience as an ambassador and her work as the permanent delegate at the United Nations and other international organizations in Geneva make her an expert in the human rights field. The appointment of a prominent figure such as Basim to the Human Rights committee will contribute to the promotion and improvement of human rights standards in Egypt. Egypt has been represented in the Human Rights Committee in the past. Ambassador Ahmed Fathallah was the former president of the Human Rights Committee, which documents Egypt’s consistent presence in international forums and its commitment to engaging in international institutions for human rights.

Within this light, the EOHR insists on the importance of coordination between the Egyptian state, its institutions, international organizations and civil society organizations with the purpose of fortifying the principles of human rights in society. This endeavor should take into account Egypt’s constitutional obligations as well as its international legal obligations.

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EOHR concludes its first training session

August 9th, 2020 by Editor

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) concluded its first remote training session which took place over two days under the title Human Rights Principles and monitoring mechanisms of the electoral process. This comes within the context of EOHR’s keenness on monitoring and observing elections and building a new generation of human rights defenders from among its members in different governorates.

Dr. Hafez Abu Seada the president of EOHR gave the opening lecture in which he introduced EOHR and explained the creation and development of International Human Rights Law.

During his lecture Abu Seada said that EOHR was established in 1985 as a branch of the Arab Organization for Human Rights, and he explained the nature of EOHR’s work and underlined its achievements. Abu Seada stressed that EOHR is not affiliated with any opposition group and that its only concerned with the interests of all citizens from a human rights perspective.

The second speaker was Mr. Mohamed Osman EOHR’s former International Relations coordinator and one of its active members. Mr. Osman explained the historical evolution of modern human rights concepts and how it reached its current shape and form. Osman also explained the difference between declarations and treaties and how do they become domestic law.

The third speaker was Mr. Tarek Zaghloul the executive director of EOHR. Zaghloul reaffirmed the importance of the role of civil society organizations in monitoring the electoral process. He added that NGOs submit all the violations they documented to the election authority and further explained the role NGO observers and how they should go about their activities in accordance with laws and regulations.

The fourth Speaker was Mr. Mohamed Mahmoud, an active member of EOHR and its former head of the field work unit. Mr. Mahmoud discussed the law on the exercise of political rights and the establishment of the National Elections Authority and the nature of its relations with civil society.

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The Citizenship .. The absent culture

February 21st, 2010 by Editor

The Citizenship .. The absent culture
21 February 2010
Hafez Abu Seada

Chairman of EOHR

Article I of the Egyptian Constitution provided  that “Arab Republic of Egypt is a democratic state based on citizenship,” despite this constitutional amendment, the present situation confirms that the  citizenship is just like ink on paper,  the Egyptian street lacks  the culture of citizenship which is considered the culture of practicing rights and conducting duties guaranteed by the constitution and law within the framework of democratic atmosphere, on other words the rights of citizens to express about opinion and participating in public work,  take out the electoral ticket, vote on elections and general referendums, join  parties, general unions and syndicates and voluntary and civil work and defending human rights.. etc. Read the rest of this entry »

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Unveiled conservatism

November 5th, 2009 by Editor

An article in Al-Ahram weekly By Hafez Abu Seada- November 2009

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